Pigment Tonnes per annum Tonnes per annum (%)
Titanium dioxide (white) 3,170,000 66
Iron oxides (red) 720,000 15
Pigment blacks 530,000 11
Lithopone (white) 190,000 4
Chromate yellow 145,000 3
Others 45,000 1
Total 4,800,000 100
Table 1: Global production capacities for the major inorganic synthetic pigments.
Because TiO2 is related to non-essential products, it was observed that the demand is fluctuating depending on the GDP (gross domestic product), as it can be seen in figure 8 :
Figure 8: Relationship between GDP and TiO2 demand.
At the beginning of the TiO2 industry, Europe and North America showed the most demand and the highest growth rates. However, in the past years, because the markets have fully grown,...
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..., next to town of Bankside.
2. ITU-2 Green Chemistry Course Documentation 11-12
3. Emerging Industries, An Investigation of the Market and Economic Factors Relevant to Establishing an Australian Titanium Metal Industry,
4. Donald V. Borst, Titanium Dioxide- An industry in Transition, Jocca Surface Coatings, 80, 2, p.60-65, 1997
8. EUR-Lex, Community Legislation in Force, Document 378L0176, (http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/lif/dat/1978/en_38L016.html)
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