Essay on Use and Description of Titanium Dioxide

Essay on Use and Description of Titanium Dioxide

Length: 1606 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Titanium metal (Ti) is the ninth most abundant element found in the Earth’s crust, being strong as steel but much less dense. Because of this, it is a very important alloying agent with many other metals including aluminium, iron and molybdenum. These alloys are used in aircraft as they are materials with low density that can resist to high temperatures. Titanium is also used to cover the hulls of ships and other structures exposed to water, as well as in desalinisation plants which convert sea water into fresh water [1]. However, the largest use of this metal is in the form of titanium (IV) oxide, which accounts for over 96% of titanium consumption worldwide. Because of its excellent physical properties, which are the lack of colour, high refractive index and chemical inertness, titanium dioxide is the principal inorganic synthetic pigment on the market with over 3,000,000 tonnes per annum produced accounting for 66% of the global production capacity of pigments as shown in table 1: [3]
Pigment Tonnes per annum Tonnes per annum (%)
Titanium dioxide (white) 3,170,000 66
Iron oxides (red) 720,000 15
Pigment blacks 530,000 11
Lithopone (white) 190,000 4
Chromate yellow 145,000 3
Others 45,000 1
Total 4,800,000 100

Table 1: Global production capacities for the major inorganic synthetic pigments.[2]
Because TiO2 is related to non-essential products, it was observed that the demand is fluctuating depending on the GDP (gross domestic product), as it can be seen in figure 8 :

Figure 8: Relationship between GDP and TiO2 demand.

At the beginning of the TiO2 industry, Europe and North America showed the most demand and the highest growth rates. However, in the past years, because the markets have fully grown,...

... middle of paper ...

..., next to town of Bankside.


2. ITU-2 Green Chemistry Course Documentation 11-12
3. Emerging Industries, An Investigation of the Market and Economic Factors Relevant to Establishing an Australian Titanium Metal Industry,
4. Donald V. Borst, Titanium Dioxide- An industry in Transition, Jocca Surface Coatings, 80, 2, p.60-65, 1997

8. EUR-Lex, Community Legislation in Force, Document 378L0176, (

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Tips For Eliminating The Ants With Pet Safe Ant Killer

- Follow the helpful tips for eliminating the ants with pet safe ant killer Description: crawling of ants is not only disturbing but they also can create a lot of problems to the homeowners. But using a few tips and pet safe ant killer one can easily eradicate them from the home. There is no doubt about the fact that ants a really a disturbing element, they can bring a lot of headache for most of the homeowners. Ants are not only a kind of disturbing element but also can do a lot of damage too. Depending on the kind of ants crawling around your home you should take the measures too because all types of ants cannot be tamed or eliminated with the same kind of procedure....   [tags: Ultraviolet, Sunscreen, Titanium dioxide, Sunburn]

Powerful Essays
2302 words (6.6 pages)

Essay about Discovery, Structure, and Uses for Titanium

- Titanium (Ti) is an element found in group 4 and period 4 on the periodic table. The atomic number of Titanium is 22. Titanium is the ninth most abundant element on the earth’s surface, and the fourth most common metallic element. Titanium is not found alone in nature; rather it has to be extracted from titanium dioxide or titanium iron oxide. Titanium dioxide (Ti02) is commonly found in rutile and titanium iron oxide (FeTiO3) is commonly found in ilmenite. Rutile and ilmenite are found predominately on continental coastlines....   [tags: metal, strength, products]

Powerful Essays
1200 words (3.4 pages)

The Effect Of Carbon Dioxide On The Environment Essay

- Most of the chemicals that make up living tissue contain carbon. When organisms die the carbon is recycled so that it can be used by future generations. The model that describes the processes involved is called the carbon cycle. The element carbon is the present in all living organisms. It 's recycled through various processes Carbon dioxide is an atmospheric constituent that plays several vital roles in the environment. It is a greenhouse gas that traps infrared radiation heat in the atmosphere....   [tags: Photosynthesis, Carbon dioxide, Oxygen, RuBisCO]

Powerful Essays
1449 words (4.1 pages)

Titanium Essay

- 1. INTRODUCTION: Titanium has played a successful biomaterial in biomedical application especially for orthopedics (bone-anchoring systems), dentistry, drug delivery, and nanotherapeutics in treating bone cancer and arthritis. One of the treatments of bone cancer patients is the replacement of cancerous bone with implant material. The current implant materials have implemented coating technology (such as Calcium phosphate or hydroxyapatite) which gives good cytocompatibilty but over the time it gets encapsulated with the surrounding bone cells and lead to poor osseointegration....   [tags: Biology, Biomaterial, TNA]

Powerful Essays
1493 words (4.3 pages)

New W doped TiO2 Photocatalysts by the Sol-Gel Method Essay

- In the 1930s, the term photocatalysis was introduced as a new branch of catalysis [1]. Among photocatalytic applications, photocatalytic oxidation and the reduction of organic compounds in water, have become important and have received considerable attention during the last few years [1, 2]. Owing to its excellent catalytic and oxidative properties; titanium dioxide, TiO2, has been frequently employed to degrade most kinds of organic pollutants. Including detergents, dyes, pesticides and herbicides under UV-light irradiation in order to transform them in water, carbon dioxide and some simple mineral acids [3-6]....   [tags: titanium dioxide, photocatalyst, crystallization]

Powerful Essays
2530 words (7.2 pages)

Job Analysis : Job Description Essay

- Job Analysis Prior to any job being created, an analysis must be conducted. Thus, the completion of this analysis will provide the employer and employees with the significant aspects that are attributed to the creation of the respective job. Some of the significant aspects that the analysis would include are, but not limited, the essential functions (tasks) of the job, to the tools and resources required to perform the job, and its working conditions. All in all, this job analysis’ goal is to elucidate the ideal candidate for the job from the employer’s perspective through the two criteria: job description and person (job) specification....   [tags: Employment, Recruitment, Job description]

Powerful Essays
1000 words (2.9 pages)

The Effects Of Anthropogenic Carbon Dioxide On Marine Biota Essay

- The Effect of Anthropogenic Carbon Dioxide on Marine Biota The global carbon cycle is one of the most important natural cycles on Earth. It is vital to all life on Earth. One of the key components of this global cycle is the marine carbonate cycle. It is the process that controls the dissolved carbon dioxide in the oceans. The Marine Carbonate cycle is one of the fundamental mechanisms in the worlds’ oceans. It describes how carbon dioxide is dissolved, reacts and how it is stored in the oceans....   [tags: Carbon dioxide, Bicarbonate, Oxygen, Carbon]

Powerful Essays
1593 words (4.6 pages)

Therapeutic Use of Drumming Description Essay

- Music, as a form of therapy, has been steadily growing as an effective intervention for a diversity of populations. Drumming in particular, has been identified as a form of healing for centuries and remains a tradition in a variety of cultures to this day. In the field of Recreation Therapy, therapeutic drumming can prove to be an invaluable intervention in program development for select populations. There has been a substantial amount of clinical research that supports therapeutic drumming, much of which relates directly to recreational and rehabilitative purposes....   [tags: music therapy, drumming, drums]

Powerful Essays
1115 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Language, Imagery, and Symbolism in To Be of Use

- Use of Language, Imagery, and Symbolism to Develop the Theme of  To Be of Use                            In the minds of most people, the words, "hard work" and "heavy labor" carry a negative connotation.  What these words imply is not something that is generally welcomed with enthusiasm but is often accepted either by force or obligation.  Marge Piercy's poem "To Be of Use" conveys an opposing connotation about the idea of work.  The central theme of the poem is that satisfaction, gratification, and self-fulfillment can be attained by using one's capabilities to serve a functional purpose in life, for it is the opinion of the speaker that an idle existence has no value or significance b...   [tags: To Be of Use]

Powerful Essays
1171 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Carbon Dioxide

- Carbon Dioxide is a colorless, odorless gas that occurs in small quantities in the earth's atmosphere naturally. The earth's ocean, soil, plants and animals release CO2. The formula of Carbon Dioxide is CO2. The CO2 molecule contains 2 oxygen atoms that each share 2 electrons with a carbon atom to form 2 carbon - oxygen double bonds. The atoms are arranged as so (OHT). This is called a 'linear molecule'. Carbon dioxide is commonly found as a gas and is never a liquid. It sublimes to a solid known as 'dry ice' which is used as a substitute for normal ice as it is a lot colder and doesn't melt....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
647 words (1.8 pages)