The crisis itself began in 1957 when the Syrian government revealed that it had uncovered a U.S. attempt to overthrow the Syrian government. This attempt, led by Eisenhower, was a result of U.S. fears that Syria was increasingly falling under Soviet influence. These fears came about from the fact that Syria was generally pro Ba’...
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...o-Western Iraqi government prompted Chamoun to seek U.S. help and intervention. The U.S. could not deny this request because to do so would have consequences for the West’s political and military influence in the region. Using the Eisenhower Doctrine, the United States landed its troops in Beirut. By doing so, the United States acted towards its own interests in the region and solidified its role in crushing Arab nationalism. This intervention also solidified the perception of the U.S. as being imperialists in the region. This crisis also had an affect on U.S. policy in that it reminded the U.S. government that it needed to pursue a campaign of “winning the hearts and minds” of the Arab people in order to maintain its strategic goals in the Middle East. Nevertheless, the 1958 crisis became a symbol of the conflict between the West and rising Arab nationalism.
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