Urbanization And Development Of Modernization Essay

Urbanization And Development Of Modernization Essay

Length: 1618 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

1.Introduction
Urbanization is related to development of modernization and industrialization signifies an expanding urban population and an extension of the building up territory of cities (Brade, I. ; Kovacs, Z., 2014). From 1949 to 1979, the rate of urbanization rose from 10.64 per cent to 18.96 per cent respectively (the United Nations, 2014). Comparatively, urbanization in 1978 grew triple the rate of the in 1978 , increasing almost 1 percentage point in ever year from 18.96 per cent to 46.6 per cent between 1998 and 2009 that means 622 million people are living in big or small cities and towns (Xinhua Netnews, March 30, 2010). In fact, there is 56.1 per cent of population in China residing in urban areas in 2016 (Xinhua Netnews,2016). With the increasing of economy, more people reside in urban place than in rural place. Taking Chengdu as an example, Chengdu is the capital city of Sichuan province that is located in mid-western China. It cover 1,234 km2 and have a population of 11.25 million. It is the first area to experience the balance of urban and rural development in China. At the end of 2015 , the government of Sichuan declared that 47.5 per cent of population in Chengdu live in urban area that increase 7.3 per cent comparing with it in 2010 (Xinhua Netnews, 2015). However, the gap between rural area and urban area is still very large. The government in Chengdu carried on to solve this problem and coordinate urban and rural area development since 2003, aiming to balanced the development between this two sectors by encouraging rural migrants move into a big city, a small city, a town and a new residential area. Also, the Chinese government promoted a policy called 'the Small City Strategy ' that intended to prevent large...


... middle of paper ...


...big cities to become over-population and consist more small cities to promote big cities. According to these two way, It will be effective to narrow the gap between urban and rural area and to be helpful for the government to have more power to manage and control the economy, population and some other affairs. Notably, after 5.12 earthquake in Wenchuan, the economy in Sichuan felled down quickly and some people who were living in earthquake zones become homelessness. So, the government use coordinated residential plan and 'small city strategy ' to restore the economy and society and help homeless people move into a new residential that are near their new working place. Above all, the coordinated residential plan and 'small city strategy ' are the most useful and effective way to solve the issue that Sichuan are facing and reach a great balance in urban-rural area.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Urbanization in Africa Essay examples

- Urbanization is the movement from a rural society to an urban society, and involves a growth in the number of people in urban areas. Urban growth is increasing in both the developed but mostly in the developing countries. Urbanization is associated with the problems of unemployment, poverty, bad health, poor cleanliness, urban slums environmental deprivation. This causes a very big problem for these developing countries and who are some of poorest countries. Africa urbanization is not as big as most developing countries but is on the rise for it outbursts in city growth lately....   [tags: Development, Urban Trend]

Better Essays
1087 words (3.1 pages)

Modernization Theory Essay

- Modernization Theory Modernization is the term used for the transition from the traditional society of the past to modern society as it is found today in the West. Modernization theory refers to a variety of non-Marxist perspectives which have been put forward to explain the development or underdevelopment of countries. Modernization theory is a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of differing levels of technological development among societies. Modernization theory presents the idea that by introducing modern methods in "technology, agricultural production for trade, and industrialization dependent on a mobile labour force," the underdeveloped...   [tags: Sociology Modernization Essays Papers]

Better Essays
2522 words (7.2 pages)

Modernization Theory by Seymour Lipset Essay

- Do political and economic development go together. Do countries that develop economically also become more democratic. The question posed is best explored through the lens of Modernization Theory, which partly originated with Lipset's 1959 formulation that the prospects for democracy to thrive within a country are directly correlated to its level of economic development. Przeworski has elucidated Lipset's theories as hypothesizing that economic affluence dovetails with democracy because wealth reduces the intensity of group or individual conflicts over the distribution of resources....   [tags: democracy, economic development, China]

Better Essays
2277 words (6.5 pages)

Urbanization in Jamaica Essay

- I. Introduction Often misconstrued as an idealistic destination, Jamaica is a very stratified entity when it comes to the have and have not’s. The institution of slavery has shaped the physical landform of the country and inadvertently created fragmented and informal communities. This is further reiterated by the continuous division of garrisons “shantytowns” and gated communities prevalent within the urban fabric. The structural readjustment of the government in efforts to alleviate debt has reinforced the ideology of privatization and splintered urbanism....   [tags: haves, have nots, garrisons, shantytowns]

Better Essays
2964 words (8.5 pages)

Urbanization Of The United States Essay

- During the 1850s, the northern half of the United States had increasingly modernized. This is known as Urbanization, which is a shift in the United States from rural to urban areas. When populations of people grow in a certain areas, the population of a place may go into cities near by. American urbanization let to more job opportunities for families and people needed jobs in order to make more money. I agree that Urbanization was a positive development that demonstrated American progress. There were positive outcomes in society, politics, race and gender....   [tags: United States, Industrial Revolution]

Better Essays
1426 words (4.1 pages)

Modernization in Afghanistan and Iran Essay

- The process of Modernization in Afghanistan under King Amanullah Khan and Iran under Shah Reza Pahlavi The modernization process has been experienced in different ways by different countries that some of them succeeded and some of them failed. Theoretically it has been defined as “a concept in the sphere of social science that refers to the process in which society goes through industrialization, urbanization and other social changes” (Zapf, 2004).Even there is no single approach toward this process, evolutionism, diffusionism, structural functionalism, systems theory and interactionism as well as other disciplines such as political science, economics, anthropology, psychology and others ar...   [tags: Amanullah Kahn, Shah Reza Pahlavi, social]

Better Essays
2030 words (5.8 pages)

Essay on Comparative Analysis of Modernization

- Comparative Analysis of Modernization Afghanistan and Japan Introduction: “The concept of modernization comes from a view of societies as having a standard uni-linear evolutionary pattern, as described in the social evolutionism theories” (Modernization). Modernization is the process of transition from a traditional and pre-modern society to a modern society. Societies must follow this process to achieve modernity. Also, urbanization and industrialization are two other processes that are linked to modernization....   [tags: Afghanistan, Japan]

Better Essays
2472 words (7.1 pages)

Modernization: Afghanistan vs India Essay

- Department of Political Science and Humanities The Final Research Paper December 4th, 2013 State Building and Political Development Kohistani ID# 8709 Professor: Isaqzadeh State Building (POL-335)-Sections One The 2013 Fall Semester Modernization in Afghanistan vs. India The political scientists, economists, philosophers, and other scientists have different views and ideas about development and modernization such as, Adam Smith, Karl Marx, Lenin, Baron, and Frank are the different scientist that introduced development theory....   [tags: political science, Amanullah Kahn, colonial power]

Better Essays
1836 words (5.2 pages)

Urbanisation in India Essay

- INTRODUCTION Urbanisation refers to peoples changing attitude towards social life and modernization. It is a process by which there is an increase in proportion of people living in urban area, leading to transformation of land for residential, commercial, and industrial purposes. The basic reason for increasing urbanisation is increase in the number of people moving into cities, for jobs, higher education, and better future prospective and for much higher quality of life. It also allows an easy flow of information, more technological development....   [tags: social life, modernization]

Free Essays
1931 words (5.5 pages)

Consensus vs. Urbanization Essay

- Consensus vs. Urbanization The process of modernization contains many elements, which work together in many ways. The two elements that I will be discussing are consensus and urbanization. Consensus is when a group or groups of people come to an agreement with each other. Urbanization is the development of cities. Consensus makes the social forces stronger. Social forces strengthen with higher levels of consensus because more people are agreeing with each other. The social forces can now begin to agree on the things they want and most likely get the things they want....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
761 words (2.2 pages)