Henry Giroux, however, believes in a “transformative education.” “Transformative intellectuals are aware of their own theoretical convictions and are skilled in strategies for translating them into practice (Giroux, 1991).” In other words, Giroux believes that all teachers need to hold an “active role in shaping the curriculum” and be able to exercise their power or beliefs in teaching (Giroux, 1991). Likewise, Giroux discusses transformative education as a form of pedagogy which is always associated with power (Giroux, 1991). Giroux believes that critical pedagogy plays a role in transformative education. Giroux’s interpretation of critical pedagogy was shaped from the philosopher Paula Freire whose focus was on the student’s abili...
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...s towards developing critical thinking skills and the tools to strive for justice in a democracy.
As stated in this essay, critical pedagogy in urban education is a useful way to create change in our educational system. Dewy and Friere may have had different thoughts on education as a democracy verses liberated, but both believed in the role of the teacher and an open society. In conclusion, in order to create a democratic education where power is shared freely and equally, one must examine the social forces that are impacting urban schools and strive to create solutions to these issues.
Dewey, John. (1897). My Pedagogic Creed. School Journals,54. 77-80
Freire, Paulo. (2000). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York. Continuum
Giroux, Henry. (1991). The Hope of Radical Education. Cultural Workers and the Politics of Education. New York. Routledge.
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