The University of Iowa Art Museum
Propaganda and Power
Individuals in positions of power have been developing new ways to influence
populations toward a cause, or position for centuries. The act of propaganda is giving information that is not impartial and used primarily to influence an audience in regards to a further agenda, often by presenting facts selectively. Terms like, “purposeful persuasion”, or “systematic attempt to shape perceptions” can also be associated with propaganda. No one exemplifies these tactics more than those who have had a seat in power. Emperors, presidents, royalty, or militant leaders; any of these have had their hands propaganda. In this exhibit, we will take a closer look to two different leaders in particular: Augustus, founder and first emperor of the Roman Empire from 63 BC until his death in 14 AD, along with Benito Mussolini, leader of the National Fascist Party and Prime Minster from 1922 to 1943.These two ruled at very different times in history, however, share many connections and similarities. We can see this throughout different pieces of work created under their power that could be considered propaganda.
An appropriate place to start seems to be with the Portrait of Augustus as General. This marble statue of Augustus shows him taking on the role as the commander of the army, meaning the statue should form part of a commemorative remembrance to some of his latest victories. He is seen in military clothing, carrying a baton, raising his right hand and putting weight on his right foot, perhaps addressing his troops. The reliefs you can find in the detail of his armor have a complex political and allegorical agenda behind them. These could include the latest territo...
... middle of paper ...
...us had the opportunity to experience this after his own victory as well. The war booty would then be used to fund more projects around the city. Mussolini created a very similar celebration years later. There was a triumphal procession honoring the 1st anniversary of Mussolini’s empire. The processions was similar to the Roman’s, he used the booty from Ethiopia to fund new structures too, just like Augustus.
Ara Pacis Augustae, or the Altar of Augustan Peace, is the next piece to observe in this collection. This monument was originally commissioned by the Roman Senate to honor the return of Augustus to Rome. This altar shows his vision of Roman civil religion. It is best known for the decoration on the exterior depicting vegetal work meant to communicate the abundance of peace throughout Rome, while also sharing the procession of members of the Imperial household.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... Artist Christian Petersen practiced his art during a transitional stage in American sculpture when styles moved from heroic to realistic (George Washington Carver). In 1934, Iowa State President Raymond Hughes offered Petersen a one-semester residency to create the fountain and bas-reliefs in the Dairy Industry Building courtyard. Amazingly this one semester job turned into 21 years, and from 1934 to 1955 Petersen served as Iowa State's sculptor-in-residence (George Washington Carver). According to an article in Iowa State Museum, Petersen created 12 major public art sculptures on the Iowa State campus, including the Fountain of Four Seasons, The Gentle Doctor, Conversations, and of cour... [tags: campus, sculpture, intentions]
761 words (2.2 pages)
- The Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University Introduction The main purpose of this paper is to determine If the organization’s objectives and goals are outlined and practiced with the employees of this organization. The organizational behavior of The Nasher Museum of Art will be determined If the organization’s behaviors are beneficial to the company, If the organization is working on improving their behavior, and what the museum could do to improve the organizations overall performance. History The Nasher Museum of Art was originally founded in 1969 and formally known as the Ernest Brummer Collection, holding 200 medieval works.... [tags: Art, Arts, The arts, University]
732 words (2.1 pages)
- The Metropolitan Museum of Art The Metropolitan Museum of Art came about as an idea from Jon Jay in Paris, France in 1866 with the idea of “national institution gallery of art” within the United States. Once this idea was proposed, it was immediately moved forward with his return to the United States. With the help of the Union League Club in NY they began to acquire civic leaders, businessmen, artists, and collectors who aided in the creation of the museum. For over 140 years, the visitors who go here have received everything the mission of the institution states.... [tags: Metropolitan Museum of Art, Art museum]
1383 words (4 pages)
- The Metropolitan Museum of Art Items displayed in museums hold historical significance and are representative of society’s culture. Preserving valuable collections for education and enjoyment is a primary role of museums. While fulfilling this role, the architecture of the museum is also an important factor. Historical buildings are converted into museums and architects must consider the use of the space and the museum’s purpose during their initial design. Other museums are built with a clear purpose in mind.... [tags: Metropolitan Museum of Art, Art museum, Museum]
797 words (2.3 pages)
- Many in the modern world seem to take great pride in the rapid pace which life holds for most of us. It is as if we might squeeze a few more precious moments of life's experience for ourselves if we move a bit faster. In reality, we rob ourselves of the enjoyment of the slow consideration of the phenomena we experience everyday. Art is something static which we might use to slow us in our perception of our world. It is not required that art be something static in motion but in thought. It is not something to be considered with only fleeting attention.... [tags: Art Museum, Gallery]
943 words (2.7 pages)
- With exhibitions of the most thought-provoking art, The Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago is one of the Nation’s largest facilities devoted to the art of our time (“About the MCA”) . The mission of the MCA is to offer a direct experience to the public of modern day art and living artists. German architect Joseph Paul Kleihues designed the new building with seven times the square feet of its previous facility (“The Building”) . October of 1967 the museum opened its doors to the public for the first time.... [tags: Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, Museums, Conte]
1050 words (3 pages)
- Art and wine should go together like buffalo chicken wings and beer. Where’s the wine when you need it. Although I’m on a restricted diet, I’ve enjoyed the scenery of various art collections from my computer device. It was a great pleasure scrolling, fantasizing, and gawking art painting and sculptures online. I’ve had the pleasure to browse through the National Gallery of Art in Washington D.C. and the Art Institvte Chicago. I noticed my opinion was quite judgmental on more than a few pieces. I found myself confused with questions such as “how is this art”.... [tags: Leonardo da Vinci, Florence, Museum]
720 words (2.1 pages)
- From Picasso, to the theories of Aristotle to art as modern as Banks – I believe that nothing that is created by mankind or otherwise; whether a theory, an art piece or any other creation is defined by what it actually is. I believe it is all about perception, what makes an art piece significant is the way the viewers perceive it. Similarly, there are certain quotes of the explored authors that seem to emphasize this point or perhaps this point is only emphasized by these quotes due to my perception of them.... [tags: Perception, Mind, Gertrude Stein, Feeling]
1073 words (3.1 pages)
- I went to the Laguna Art Museum, it is not like any other museum in the state because it carries pieces of art specifically from California artists or pieces of art that represent the state of California. The pieces of art in the museum are all different sorts of styles and are from the 19th century to present. The museum came from the Laguna Beach Art Association, the association was formed by the local artists in 1918. In 1929, after they had a fundraising drive, they opened the art gallery. It was designed by a Los Angeles architect, Myron Hunt.... [tags: Art, Modernism, Visual arts, Sculpture]
1639 words (4.7 pages)
- Visit to the Metropolitan Museum of Art and Viewing the Asian Art Collections The Metropolitan Museum of Art has one of the finest Asian art collections that has enlightened and strengthened my understanding in my personal art experience. The Museum itself is an artistic architectural structure that graces the entire block on 82nd Street in Manhattan. Entering inside, I sensed myself going back into an era, into a past where people traded ideas and learned from each other. It is a past, where I still find their works of yesteryears vividly within my grasp, to be remembered and shared as if their reflections of works were cast for the modern devoted learner.... [tags: Asia Metropolitan Museum of Art Essays]
1561 words (4.5 pages)