The United States of America and Costa Rica’s constitutions have several similarities and differences. The United States and Costa Rica have two of the most successful constitutional republics in the history of the world. They are alike in several ways, however, there are some major differences that allows them to thrive in their own environments. There are many components that describe the two countries: physical structure, traditions and how the constitutions were established, how the constitutions work, languages, military, religion, education, voting rights, presidential elections, and structure of the legislative branch, presidential terms, vice presidents, and Supreme Court justices.
The physical science of the two countries is completely different. According to the main speaker, Costa Rica is much smaller than the United States. It could actually fit in the state of Oklahoma about two and a half times (Northwestern Oklahoma State University, 2010). The population is a little different too. Costa Rica’s population is around 4.5 million, compared to Oklahoma which has approximately 3.4 million. Their gross domestic product is nearly 50 billion dollars, while the United States is close to 14 trillion dollars. Not only are the two countries physically different, they both have different traditions.
Traditions in both countries relate back to their roots. Costa Rica comes from a tradition of Spanish and Roman law where the law is written out and leaves nothing to be interpreted (NWOSU, 2010). The United States comes from the tradition of common law, in which the laws are written out, but it is up to the court system to apply the laws with equity and fairness. The Costa Rican constitution is roughly ...
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...enate to agree yes or no (NWOSU, 2010). Before the Senate was so popularly influenced by direct election, it was a closed event, said Dr. Mason. In Costa Rica, the Supreme Court justices are selected through a different process. According to Dr. Carvajal, the highest level in the court is elected by the legislative assembly. These Supreme Court justices may be in office for eight years (NWOSU, 2010). The Executive branch has nothing to do with this election. In order to be elected, he said that the candidate has to be elected by a two-thirds majority. Meaning that they have to reach an agreement. To be elected again, one only needs one-thirds in his favor.
[Northwestern Oklahoma State University]. (2010, Oct. 20). 2010 NWOSU Constitution Day Program. [Video File}. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3r7WYEIiDc0
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