The United States Criminal Justice System Essay

The United States Criminal Justice System Essay

Length: 1573 words (4.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The United States criminal justice system is an ever-changing system that is based on the opinions and ideas of the public. Many of the policies today were established in direct response to polarizing events and generational shifts in ideology. In order to maintain public safety and punish those who break these laws, law enforcement officers arrest offenders and a judge or a group of the law offender’s peers judge their innocence. If found guilty, these individuals are sentenced for a predetermined amount of time in prison and are eventually, evaluated for early release through probation. While on probation, the individual is reintegrated into their community, with restrict limitations that are established for safety. In theory, this system works to rehabilitate and reward offenders that sustain good behavior throughout their sentence. However, there is a nation shift away from rehabilitation and an emphasis on punishment of the offender.
The criminal justice system was based on an indeterminate sentencing model. Public opinion viewed this system as too lenient and desired uniform sentencing. This led to a crime control perspective of the justice system, as it 's goals were to punish criminals. The states established several programs including determinate sentencing, mandatory minimum sentences, sentencing guidelines and truth in sentencing. Determinate sentencing allows inmates to use good behavior and earned credits to reduce their sentences. Minimum sentencing requires offenders to be sentenced to a specified amount of prison time (Ditton and Wilson, 1999, page 1). Sentencing guidelines “establish sentencing commissions and create ranges of sentences for given offenses and offender characteristics” (Ditton and Wilson, 1999, pa...


... middle of paper ...


...would also force individuals, who commit less severe crimes to serve longer sentences since they are serving the majority of their sentence. A bias of the offender, which can be based on any extralegal factor, may lead to an injustice sentence and truth in sentencing would not allow them to be released early. There are also innocent people within the criminal justice system that may be falsely convicted. They would also be unable to be released early and may spend an extensive amount of time in prison for a crime that they did not commit.
When examining the truth in sentencing program, one could question its effectiveness in reducing the countries crime rates. The theory of deterrence is to prevent future crime, but the crime control perspective does not have a positive effect on the criminal justice system. Harsher punishments are proven to not help decrease crime.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The United States Criminal Justice System Essay

- Due Process According to the due process clauses of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments, we have due process of law which states that no person will be deprived of life, liberty, or property. This simply means that the government is to follow fair procedures. All individuals should be treated fairly and ‘attention’ should be given to their side of the story. The clauses in the Fifth Amendment mean that individuals are protected from the actions of the federal government. Without a grand jury investigation, a person cannot be accused of severe wrongdoing....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Police, Criminal law]

Better Essays
1116 words (3.2 pages)

The United States Criminal Justice System Essay

- In the United States criminal justice system, there are approximately nine million offenders that are cycling in and out of correctional facilities (Spjeldnes et al., 2012). This number is shocking to most individuals, including criminal justice professionals. Therefore, numerous researchers are delving deeper into what needs to be done to assist offenders by understanding their needs, especially if the criminal justice system plans on reducing recidivism rates (Kroner & Yessine, 2013). Correctional policy makers should be open-minded when considering new programs, initiatives, or changes....   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Corrections, Prison]

Better Essays
1613 words (4.6 pages)

The United States Criminal Justice System Essay

- The United States Criminal Justice system as defined by The National Center for Victims of Crime is, “the set of agencies and processes established by government to control crime and impose penalties on those who violate laws.” The criminal justice system used today follows some of the principles that the United States Constitution enforces such as “No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” The United States criminal justice system may...   [tags: Race, Racism, Criminal justice, Crime]

Better Essays
948 words (2.7 pages)

The United States Criminal Justice System Essay

- The United States criminal justice system constantly violates human rights. These rights belong to justify every person in America and should not be used to tear one another down for what their beliefs are. Likewise, freedom of speech is so ingrained in the constitution that it should be more widely embraced. The protection of religion, speech, and expression is a critical part of America’s political system. The strong, direct link between freedom and democracy is unbreakable and is an important part in governing ourselves....   [tags: Law, Crime, Prison, Criminal justice]

Better Essays
1016 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about The United States Criminal Justice System

- First times are always the hardest and the excites moments when any individual gains the privilege to go abroad. From the prepping to the actuality of seeing the other side makes one dream and wonder how one can someday meet the other side of this sphere-shaped world of ours because this is a once and a lifetime experience. With this program, being my first, it brings butterflies and excitements that I’m given a chance to explore, learn, and gain from this program. Especially, with this Justice opportunity lead by the faculty it’s a chance that can enhance my academic goals....   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Motivation, Common law]

Better Essays
840 words (2.4 pages)

The Criminal Justice System Inside The United States Of America Essay examples

- The criminal justice system inside the United States of America is the best in the world, just ask the theft in India, or the child molester in Iran, they would would tell you so. However, some would say that the system is broke, in fact, the system is not just at all, moreover the system is unjust. Our forefathers, laid the foundation through our “Bill of Rights”, however, the system is a living, breathing entity, furthermore, the culture in our society is ever changing, thereby, effecting the criminal justice system....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Penology]

Better Essays
1116 words (3.2 pages)

Recidivism in the United States Criminal Justice System Essay

- Recidivism in the United States Criminal Justice System An ongoing and increasingly evident issue in the criminal justice system is how convicted individuals reenter society with little or no gradual process. These individuals often resort back to criminal activity in an act termed recidivism. According to the National institute of Justice(NIJ), recidivism “refers to a person’s relapse into criminal behavior, often after the person receives sanctions or undergoes intervention for a previous crime” (National Institute of Justice, 2012)....   [tags: criminal behavior, imprisonment]

Better Essays
1215 words (3.5 pages)

Wrongful Convictions Of The United States Criminal Justice System Essays

- It is uncommon for a person to receive a wrong conviction in the United States criminal justice system. A large number of studies suggest that there is a 1% likelihood of a wrongful conviction in the U.S., comparing this to the total number of convictions (Olney & Bonn, 2014). Bearing in mind that about 2 million people are convicted annually of various crimes, it is possible to see that at any one time there are about 20,000 people convicted wrongly in the U.S. each year. Majority of the cases involving wrongful convictions involve homicide, with 47%, while sexual assault comes second with 31%....   [tags: Crime, Miscarriage of justice, Law]

Better Essays
838 words (2.4 pages)

The Goal of the United States Criminal Justice System Essay

- Within the United States Criminal Justice System, it is not only goal to simply punish those who break the law, but to also reduce the level of criminal activity. In order to fulfill this important aspect of the Criminal Justice System, offenders must be rehabilitated and motivated to refrain from engaging in further criminal activity so that they do not return to prison. Since the early 1990’s, our country’s crime rate has been declining. Studies such as the Pew Safety Performance Project point out that this is an important goal for correctional systems to keep in mind, but it is not the only one....   [tags: reduce criminal activity, pew safety]

Better Essays
809 words (2.3 pages)

The United States Criminal Justice System Essay

- Intro The United States criminal justice system is an institution and over the decades passed policies, used harsh tactics and abused power that has impacted community of color. “Those who believe that full equality been achieved would do well to notice many African Americans ' reality today. An extraordinary amount of blacks are still barred from voting because in nearly every state, as convicted felons cannot vote. Hundreds of thousands of African Americans have served time in prison as a result of drug convictions and are branded felons for life.” (Alexander, 2015) The result of government policies has form systemic racism on minority communities when encounter with institution of crimin...   [tags: Racism, African American, Race]

Better Essays
716 words (2 pages)