The criminal justice system was based on an indeterminate sentencing model. Public opinion viewed this system as too lenient and desired uniform sentencing. This led to a crime control perspective of the justice system, as it 's goals were to punish criminals. The states established several programs including determinate sentencing, mandatory minimum sentences, sentencing guidelines and truth in sentencing. Determinate sentencing allows inmates to use good behavior and earned credits to reduce their sentences. Minimum sentencing requires offenders to be sentenced to a specified amount of prison time (Ditton and Wilson, 1999, page 1). Sentencing guidelines “establish sentencing commissions and create ranges of sentences for given offenses and offender characteristics” (Ditton and Wilson, 1999, pa...
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...would also force individuals, who commit less severe crimes to serve longer sentences since they are serving the majority of their sentence. A bias of the offender, which can be based on any extralegal factor, may lead to an injustice sentence and truth in sentencing would not allow them to be released early. There are also innocent people within the criminal justice system that may be falsely convicted. They would also be unable to be released early and may spend an extensive amount of time in prison for a crime that they did not commit.
When examining the truth in sentencing program, one could question its effectiveness in reducing the countries crime rates. The theory of deterrence is to prevent future crime, but the crime control perspective does not have a positive effect on the criminal justice system. Harsher punishments are proven to not help decrease crime.
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