The 13th amendment was adopted speedily in the aftermath of the Civil War, with the simple direct purpose of forbidding slavery anywhere in the United States. The 13th Amendment took authority away from the states, so that no state could institute slavery, and it attempted to constitutional grant the natural right of liberty. Think that this amendment would suffice, Congressional Republicans pushed the amendment through. To counter the amendment, a series of laws called the Black Codes were enacted by the former Confederate states, which did not force the newly freed slaves back into slavery, but it discriminated against and underprivileged them. However, there was a clause in the 13th Amendment which empowered Congress to enforce the provisions by suitable legislation. This resulted in a debate in Congress on whether legislation could in fact countermand the Black Laws. The debated resulted in the enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the adoption by Congress of a newly drafted amendment (Zuckert, 2011).
“The 14th Amendment has five main clauses: (1) a clause defining who are citizens; (2) a clause providing protection against state abridgement of the privileges or immunities of citizens of the Unites States; (3) a clause forbidding the states to deny to any person life, liberty, or property without due process of law; (4) a clause imposing a duty on states not to deny equal protection of the laws to any person within their jurisdiction; and (5) a provision granting Congress the power to enforce th...
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...that no government state or federal could unlawfully make up laws and regulations to enforce upon the citizens. Secondly, the government has implemented an impartial judiciary that is unbiased and not directed by the notions of right and wrong. Every act take has to be done lawfully, granting due process and equality for all (“Legal Positivism,” 2011).
The Civil Rights movement is brought to light when talking about the 13th and 14th Amendment because rights were not granted. The natural rights were now protected. Yet, there was still those who felt that the minorities did not deserve such things as equality and due process. There can be arguments made to state the Civil Rights movement was from 1955-1968. But it all began with the Civil Rights Act of 1866. After all, the minorities were left fighting the tyranny and persecution from the day that they were freed.
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