Many southern states wanted to secede from the Union because they felt they were losing their ability to make their own decisions regarding state level matters. Article 4 section 4 of the constitution states that the United States runs on a republican form of government, and each state can make their own decisions. Despite this documented clause, the south still felt threatened by the Northern states and the federal government. I am not convinced this was a valid fear justifiable enough to secede, for if the Southern states would have remained part of the Union and sent congressmen to represent themselves, they would have been large enough to vote against and block anything they did not like. For that reason, Article 4 of the cons...
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...s, for they are better off in the United States as a slave, than in Africa as a freed individual. While he elaborated this claim, he also mentioned his beliefs on secession. Calhoun did not believe secession would lead to the outcome the South wanted, rather finding concert of action would help them find the security they were looking for. This was his way of trying to get the south to rethink their choice of leaving the Union.
The nineteenth century Civil War brought a great deal of distress on the United States as a nation. The division of the North and South was one that went against a multitude of nationalistic values. There was no justification for the South leaving the Union, although their measures taken to secede would imply otherwise. Although this war was very gruesome and close to home, it is what shaped our nation that we now call the United States today.
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