Essay on The United States and Spanish America Since Independence

Essay on The United States and Spanish America Since Independence

Length: 1598 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Development Since Independence: USA and Spanish America

Before independence, directives from the patron counties Britain and Spain drove the economic and political directions taken by the colonies in USA and Spanish America. However, for a variety of reasons, independence movements developed in USA and Spanish America. This lead a declaration of independence for 13 states in USA in 1776, and in a more gradual process independence for Central and South America viceroyalties from Spain by the 1830’s. Henceforth the USA and Spanish America colonies could decide their own fates, free as they were from the political dictates of their former mother countries.

The outcomes have been spectacularly different. USA is now a country of 50 states, and is characterised by wealth, power, and political stability. By contrast, Spanish America is a disunited collection of countries characterised by relative poverty, underdevelopment, and political instability. What has lead to such disparate outcomes? And in particular, to what extent can these differences be explained by the historical legacy left by colonialism?

Before independence Spanish America was well developed compared to USA. By the time the first colonists arrived in USA in 1607 the Spanish Crown had already established some dozen major cities, a number of universities, hundreds of churches, and set up a profitable commerce system based on gold, silver, and agricultural goods1. These achievements, combined with the natural advantages of abundant land and labour, placed Spanish America in an enviable position regarding future development. Subsequently, Spanish America did produce great wealth, mainly because of its exports of silver and agricultural goods. However, the Spanish Cro...


... middle of paper ...


...e early colonial states, and those that were added latter. Spanish America, despite piecemeal attempts, has never been unified since independence, which has limited its political power. Attempts at unification have failed in part because of political instability, in turn a consequence of a lack of a democratic tradition.











Works Cited


Alba, V. The Latin Americans, New York, 1969.

Bulmer-Thomas, V. The Economic History of Latin America since Independence, Cambridge, 1994.

Andrea, A. and Overfield, J. The Human Record. Sources of Global History. Volume II: since 1500, 2nd Edition, Boston, 1994.

Fukuyama, F. The End of History and the Last Man, New York, 1992.
Microsoft Encarta, 1998.

Skidmore, T. and Smith, P. Modern Latin America, 3rd Edition, New York, 1992.

Strayer, R. The Making of the Modern World, 2nd Edition, New York, 1995.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Independence From The United States Essay examples

- The quest for independence many countries engaged in was one that sought to provide indigenous people and citizens of these countries an independence they were never once afforded. This independence was drenched in blood and sacrifice of the patriots who fought these fights. Independence was never just granted it was a constant battle, a constant declaration. Independence in the Americas was hard but the countries who were in search of it wanted to rule themselves and live lives where the citizens of their countries had more control over what was going on, the rules in place were not just pressed upon them but a choice they were now allowed to make for themselves....   [tags: United States]

Powerful Essays
1053 words (3 pages)

The Declaration Of Independence Of The United States Essay

- In 1776, The Unanimous Declaration of Independence of the Thirteen United States of America declared, "We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." Views on the American expansion range from the naive united front that Mexican Natives possessed. Through imminent visions of expansion; Natives were easily taken advantage of during the American migration period....   [tags: United States, Mexico]

Powerful Essays
922 words (2.6 pages)

Essay about The United States And The Cuban Revolution

- Hawaii and Americans to ensure the prosperity of their own country. Next, in the case of Cuba, the U.S. was interested in the location for its sugar industry, the countries traded greatly with one another. Also, in this case America had invested approximately $50 million in the Cuban sugar industry. This sparked a revolution by the Cuban people against the Spanish, as Cuba was a Spanish colony. Despite America initially stating that they sought neutrality in the affair, America went into war, which will later be known as the Spanish-American war, due to the outrage caused by the sentiments of the Spanish ambassador and the explosion of USS Maine....   [tags: United States]

Powerful Essays
1070 words (3.1 pages)

The Inherent Inequality Within Spanish Society Essay

- The inherent inequality within Spanish society was a primary reason for the dismantling of the Spanish Empire by the year 1898. With colonial powers becoming more problematic, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines grew eager for their independence from Spain. The Empire was met with strong resistance by rebel fighters from each nation, influencing a greater event known as the Spanish American War. The unfair and often racist treatment of lower-class-mixed-race citizens under the Spanish Empire ignited many rebellions that separated not only Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines, but the country of Spain as well....   [tags: United States, Cuba, Spain, Spanish Empire]

Powerful Essays
1178 words (3.4 pages)

English As Ficial Language Of The United States Essays

- Officially English One of the things that makes the United States of America the wonderful country that it is, is the melting pot of cultures and overall diversity. We are a country founded by immigrants, which originally formed this country after our independence from England, and even though we are a country that is diverse and divided in many ways, we share one common aspect, and that is the use of the English language. This is why legislation should be passed stating that English is the official language of the United States....   [tags: United States, English language, Spanish language]

Powerful Essays
979 words (2.8 pages)

Spanish American War : A Highly Forgotten War Essay examples

- Spanish-American War The Spanish American War is a highly overlooked war in history but is a very important piece in what shaped today’s world. The Spanish-American War of 1898 ended Spain’s rule on the western hemisphere and Spanish colonial rule in the Americas. The Spanish–American War was a strife in 1898 between Spain and the United States, the result of U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. U.S. attacks on Spain 's possessions in the Pacific led to involvement in the Philippine Revolution and ultimately to the Philippine–American War....   [tags: United States, Philippines, Spanish–American War]

Powerful Essays
1310 words (3.7 pages)

Spanish Colonialism And The Mexican Independence Essay

- After three hundred years of suffering and oppression by the Spanish crown, and inspired by the fire of revolution sweeping over the world in places such as United States and France, the Mexican population finally decided that they could endure no more, it was time for a change. In this essay I put together some of the various factors of Spanish colonialism that led to the Mexican independence. These factors were the socio political conditions of nueva españa, the enlightment era, as well as various leaders One of the factors that led to the Mexican independence is the socio-political conditions of the native Mexicans after being invaded by Spain....   [tags: Mexico, Mexico City, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla]

Powerful Essays
914 words (2.6 pages)

The Westward Expansion Of The United States Essay

- The Westward Expansion was a turning point on United States becoming a continental agricultural and manufacturing power. United States wanted to explore and settle into the West after the Louisiana Purchase as the result of the War of 1812. Many pioneers and families moved west between 1816 and 1821. The land was purchased by the federal government to sell it at a very high price to the farmers. The farmers were willing to purchase land with the increase of American agricultural products. The state bank collapsed and all the farmers that were depending on it had all their land values go down....   [tags: United States, Slavery in the United States]

Powerful Essays
721 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about The United States Foreign Policy

- The United States foreign policy is a fancy way of saying, how the United States government takes action toward other nations. The U.S. foreign policy was primarily based off of imperialism which was a policy of extending a country 's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. The U.S. used imperialism to essentially gain natural resources from other nations and extend there trading in markets. China, the Dominican Republic and Panama are all examples of how the United States’ foreign policy was based around imperialism....   [tags: United States, Theodore Roosevelt]

Powerful Essays
789 words (2.3 pages)

The Spanish-American War Essay

- THESIS : “ The United States didn’t want to get involved in the Spanish-American War, but was dragged into it due to yellow journalism, they wanted to control the seas, and wanted complete control over Cuba.” For 113 days during the summer of 1898, the United States was at war with Spain. Neither the president of the United States, nor his cabinet, nor the the queen of Spain, nor her ministers wanted the war wanted the war. It happened eventhough they made their best efforts to prevent it. It happened because of ambition, miscalculation, and stupidity; and it happened because of kindness, wit, and resourcefulness....   [tags: Spanish-American War Essays]

Free Essays
1517 words (4.3 pages)