Essay about The United States And Latin America

Essay about The United States And Latin America

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The United States and Latin America have had a long history of relations in regards to populist movements. Many times these populist movements have been anti- United States. We have intervened many times and in many different ways, however I do not believe there is one course of action for Latin America as a whole as it is made up of many different countries with different needs and different leaders. Two examples of when the United States government responded to populist politics, revolutions, or revolts in the 20th century was in Argentina against Juan Peron and his populist movement as well as in Cuba against Fidel Castro. In order to come up with a response for the rise of the Populist Party today, we need to understand what we have done in the past, and how it worked, and how it may not have worked and use that to recommend any further action in Latin America. In the past, the United States has tried to use propaganda and democracy as a way to drive out these populist/socialist regimes. In the two cases mentioned, this has backfired
Populism was at it’s height during the 1940s when Juan Peron came to power. At this time there was a military coup that ended the rule of the middle class during the Great Depression in 1929. People were panicking and were looking for change. This began the rise of the labor movement. He ran as the labor minister and gained much support from the working class of Argentina. He was seen as a huge threat to United States interests. He eventually is arrested in 1945 because of the “trouble” he caused by all the support he gained, and on October 17, 1945, workers rally in Buenos Aires to have Peron released. Not too long after, Peron is elected president of Argentina. The United States becomes increas...


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...aide Cubans, because they are communist, like the Soviet Union. The Bay of Pigs, in April 1961, was supposed to be like a “Guatemala Part II”. Putting people against Castro intended it to force him out. However the US did not realize that the situation was completely different than Guatemala’s. There were no Cuban elites to support the United States, they all evacuated when Castro came into power.
The United States has to retreat and this becomes a huge victory for Castro. It made him appear more powerful and nationalist. By December 1961, Castro becomes a communist and allies strongly with the USSR. This leads to the Cuban Missile Crisis, which secures the Cuban revolution, and the US agrees to not interfere. What is interesting is that by the United States constant accusation of Castro being a communist, they actually speak this into existence and he becomes one.

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