The UN’s peacekeeping missions are the most visible and recognizable aspects. The success or failure of these missions, such as act as Rwanda—a failure on the part of UN to act quickly—decide the international community’s response towards the organization. Moreover, the UN’s two major problems—the use of veto power in the Security Council and the permanent membership—showcase the organization’s major drawbacks.
This paper will talk about the role of UN peacekeeping missions in international politics, to what extent it is successful and what are some of the measures to determine the success or failures of UN. In addition, the paper will look at the influence of politics and power—veto power and the permanent membership in the Security Council specifically. Part one of the paper examines the structure of UN by describing its main bodies, their goals and functions. The second part deals with Security Council and some the issues surrounding it, such as the veto power, the permanent membership and the reforms calling for the change in the Security Council. The third part ...
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... give Security Council seats based on regions including the African continent. Other than being represented in the Security Council, the reason most states want a seat in the Council is that the citizens of those state have a higher chance of getting into the other parts of the UN such as the “ECOSOC," the “ICJ” and the “Secretariat” (Mahmood, 2013).
Blatter and Williams (2011) propose the use of “the responsibility of not to veto” instead of reconstructing the Security Council. For this reason, Blatter and Williams (2011) propose the notion of not vetoing on situations where there are serious human rights such as genocides, mass killing or government-sectioned violence. However, this can only be achieved by using it as an “informal norm” (Blatter and Williams, 2011) –because in order to get rid of the veto power, all P-5 members will need to agree.
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