Essay on The United Nations Security Council

Essay on The United Nations Security Council

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Nevertheless it is worth noting that getting elected to the UNSC is only the beginning. Bearing in mind the numerous constrains of power differences between the members, the ability of a small state to influence decisions made at the UNSC cannot be taken for granted. A small nation state that becomes a UNSC member has to be prepared to deal with a rigorous agenda, which firstly involves having knowledgeable and specialized diplomatic staff, an effective administrative instrument and the ability to set work priorities . Secondly, a small nation state that knows how to use its coalition-building and leadership skills can strengthen its position at the UNSC and plan a course of action between the interests of the great states easier . Finally, small nation state needs to be willing to assume an active role within the United Nations Security Council despite the risk of displeasing any of the more powerful states, if it wants to have any kind of influence on the UNSC.
Thus the reasons why small states would seek a place at the UNSC, it is worth having a representative seat of value at the Council, which symbolizes power as well. Being a UNSC membership also demonstrates a state’s reputation in the international arena and provides first-hand insights into the global issues, processes and positions. Finally it bestows small nation states with more authority to talk and be heard.

Understandably, it is the institutional framework of the UNSC that allows participating in the formation of a global peace and security agenda, and to some extent enables quicker access to the most influential global powers. While a state’s preparation to work at the UNSC in terms of diplomatic staff, clear priorities, and willingness to be active can have a po...


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...focuses on how the gains will be divided. The realism theory believes that states which look for absolute gains are likely to cooperate because they will accept any gains to maximize their power without comparing themselves with other states. For states that make their decisions based on relative gains, they worry much about how the gains will be divided among members (Mearsheimer, 1994). The second obstacle in securing cooperation is associated with cheating because every state wants to achieve its goals without caring about others.
Besides these obstacles, classical realism assumes that a balance of power logic motivates states to make collaborations and alliances (Mearsheimer, 1994). It also suggests that cooperation will result into stability if it has long-term benefits. The UN has this feature, which means that it has the ability to continue (Mearsheimer,1994).

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