The United Nations Security Council is in Need of Reform Essay

The United Nations Security Council is in Need of Reform Essay

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The United Nations Security Council is in desperate need of reform because of the current dysfunction which surrounds it. Any suggestion of reform could be idealistic. To not enlarge the Security Council is an option too. Over the years, proposals on the reform of the Security Council have included the enlargement of the Security Council, changes to the categories or proportions of membership of the Security Council, the addition of Regional Representatives and changes to the relationship between the Security Council and the General Assembly. Another option for veto reform is to abolish the veto over resolutions concerning genocide and other crimes against humanity. Various international relations perspectives, including Idealists, Liberals, Marxists and Realists, align with each of these proposals. The best hope for the future lies in the expansion of Security Council members and possibly some control over the exercise of veto power by Security Council members.
It may be argued that any suggestion for reformation of the United Nations Security Council is by definition idealistic. The charter of the United Nations way shaped by the major victors in the Second World War and, not surprisingly, was shipped in their national interests. Any resolution that would effectively reduce the power of the resulting five permanent members of the Security Council - “China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States” (United Nations Security Counsel, “Members of the United Nations Security Counsel.” Unknown.), often referred to as the “P5”, would likely be opposed by them since it would reduce their power. And it would be effectively opposed, since they have the power to veto any such resolution. Similarly, any res...


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...l Representatives and changes to the relationship between the Security Council and the General Assembly. An option for veto reform is to abolish the veto over resolutions concerning genocide and other crimes against humanity. Various international relations perspectives, including Idealists, Liberals, Marxists and Realists, align with each of these proposals. The most effective option is an expansion of the Security Council and possibly some control over the exercise of veto power by Security Council members.



Works Cited

Holland, Francois. “Security Council Reform.” France at the United Nations. Unknown. Web. April 2014.
Goodenough, Patrick. “Security Council Must Stop Using Veto in Cases of Genocide, Group Says.” Global Policy Forum. December 2008. Web. April 2014.
Oxford University Press. “Introduction to Politics” Brief Second Edition. Textbook. April 2014.

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