Unethical Issues in Substance Abuse and Social Welfare
Unethical Issues in Substance Abuse and Social Welfare
Citizens living below the poverty line are faced with financial challenge; therefore, prioritizing their household budget crucial. However, most of people living under such financial constraints are still involved in excessive alcohol consumption and abuse of drugs. Apart from the health complications brought about by such substances, such luxuries are associated with huge spending at household level (Arney, 2010). Thus, the already insufficient funds are misused leading to unnecessary suffering of the family members especially children. According to a research by Segal (2007), there is a strong association between poverty and substance abuse especially in unemployed youths.
Additionally, there has been an emerging trend where people who are qualified for social welfare benefits are involved in cheating to access more support than they should. This trend has gone beyond simple unethical case to complicated cases where couples are ready to bear more children so that their benefits can be revised upwards. Such motives are unethical as such welfare schemes were not meant to be abused but rather serve the intended purposes (Ervasti, 2012). Therefore, this study identifies the possible approaches to address the issues and in order to design an ethical approach to address the problem.
According to Immanuel Kant, a priori approached can be used to address moral issues where he does not employ any empirical measurement but bases his argument according to duties, justice, good will and obligation (Pfordten, 2009). One of Kant’s arguments is based on the universal law wher...
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...argument is based on the consequences of an action in deciding whether a move is morally right or wrong. By happiness, Mills suggest that the decision should bring pleasure and joy as opposed to pain and suffering to the person involved. However, the happiness achieved does not have to be the person own but can also be achieved on others through the same action. As long as the action makes more people happier than sad, then the action is considered moral. In this case, the motive of the action is not associated with the consequences; a person may be motivated by a motive which may lead to different consequences (Eggleston, Miller & Weinstein, 2011). Mill argues that people may decide to be chose moral choices even if such decisions will not contribute to their happiness. In so doing, people are able to make decisions that do not lead to the suffering on others.
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