The issue of the wage gap in the United States and other countries has been subject to debate over the years. The main reason for the unequal pay is based on gender differences where women get paid lesser than men for equal work. The unequal pay appears as a form of discrimination against gender. The gender-based pay gap has been a contemporary issue for several centuries where men were considered as family breadwinners and women took over domestic chores. There are several reasons as to why women even in this 21st century still experience unequal pay regardless of the work or tasks performed.
Women’s work is often undervalued as compared to work done by men. Work that requires similar qualifications and trainings appears to be unequally represented by women as compared to men. This leads to the poor pay and undervalue of work conducted by women as compared to work done by men. During appraisals and evaluation, women are rarely represented and are denied some of the benefits based on performance. Work done by women is undervalued when it involves tedious or complex tasks which are considered a man’s job. The idea that a woman can accomplish a major task or challenge leads to undervalue of work. According to conducted surveys, it has been established that women are paid “79 cents for every dollar paid to men” (“Equal”). Work should be appreciated accordingly without discriminating the individual who conducts the activity.
Women also tend to go for less paying careers as compared to men who often go for high-paying jobs. This is called labor segregation where men dominate high-level jobs such as engineering while women dominate jobs such as teaching. The personality and capabilities play a major role in the la...
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...n who often leave work to attend to domestic issues. According to research, very few women believe “that having children would not damage their career” (Rasper). Women now fear having children to avoid losing their jobs. The modern woman seems more involved in her career and lacks time for family matters and child-bearing.
The United States under the Equal Pay Act of 1963 demands that all people should be treated equally and paid according to performance. The government must ensure all employers adhere to the Equal Pay Act by punishing all employers found disobeying the Act. Trade and Labor unions should be at the fore-front in campaigning for equal rights for women. Unequal pay based on gender can be dealt with by ensuring all issues are addressed accordingly. The citizens and the government should work together to eliminate the unequal wage gap for women.
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