Employment is important for several reasons, it boosts the economy, and it increases the quality of life for those earning wages; however, previous literature has sought out to determine if the lack of employment leads to an increase in crimes. According to a 2013 study conducted by the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (BOCSAR), the relative effect of unemployment rates coinciding with an increase in crime rates are substantial and suggest that policies aimed at improving employment opportuinites for those who face more obstacles can also be effective tools for combating crime. Their findings have greater implications for the possible link between unemployment and crime rates. In comparison to the national unemployment rates, Harrisonburg had lower unemployment rates from 2009 to 2014 (Virginia Community Profile: Harrisonburg, 2015). As seen in figure 1 below, only in 2014 did the two closely align. Much like Harrisonburg, Rockingham County’s unemployment rate remained lower than the national average, even in 2014 (Virginia Community Profile: Rockingham County, 2015) . The figure below shows the different unemployment rates reported in the United States, Virginia, Harrisonburg City, and Rockingham County.
Previous Policy Cobatants
Previous policies set forth have attempted to reconcile the issue of increasing crime rates, recidivism, and its impact on over crowded jails. As stated earlier, the problem is ever evolving; meaning as crime rates increase, jails become over croweded and once released, offenders are left to return to society, which generally leads to recidivism. As a result, policy analysts have questioned the steps taken to reduce the cycle as we know it. Many policies have recommended Day ...
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... (Marciniak, 1999; Craddock, 2001; Marion, 2002) show that various factors play a role in determining successful completion of day reporting center programs including: education level and offender living situation. Generally, those with higher education levels, full or part-time employment, as well as those living with parents, spouses or children are more likely to complete possibly due to corresponding support they may receive and informal shaming should they fail. These are all factors investigated as part of the initial assessment analysis when determining if day reporting center assignment is appropriate for offenders. Since one of the main goals of implementing the policy is a reduction in subsequent incarceration, the effectiveness of the program in large, is the selection of participants whose characteristics indicate successful completion of the program.
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