Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that majorly affects the brainand the spinal cord (A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia, 1). The disease affects the central nervous system and thus causes limitations of individuals to carry out various activities. In multiple sclerosis, the myelin sheath that covers nerve cell axon is destroyed causing inflammation (MediResource Inc., 1). Destructionof the membrane leads to slowed conveyance of signals from the spinal cord to the brain, which as a result leads to reduced response to different stimuli. Inflammation of the nerve occurs mostly when the immune cells from the body attack the nervous system. The inflammation is not only limited to the spinal cord, but sometimes extends to optic nerve or the brain. The disease is known to be more prevalent in women as compared to men. Thedisease is attributed to different factors, which may include gene defects, viruses or environmental conditions. This paper looks at the causes of the disease, symptoms, prevalence and its treatment.
Multiple sclerosis is caused by a number of factors with immunologic being one of them. Multiple sclerosis is considered to be a disease that is related to immune of the body (Healthline 3). Therefore, malfunctions the immune system in the body may contribute to the disease as well as attack in the central nervous system. The attacking of the myelin sheath of the nervous system is related to abnormalities in the immune system.
The other cause of multiple sclerosis is genetic connectionwhich affects the genes of an individual. There are a number of genes, which are believed to play major roles in causing individuals to suffer from multiple sclerosis. It is established that there are higher cha...
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Messina, Silvia & Patti, Francesco. Gray Matters in Multiple Sclerosis: Cognitive Impairment and Structural MRI. Multiple Sclerosis International. Web. 2014. Available at: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/msi/2014/609694/
Olek, Michael, J. Epidemiology and Clinical Features of Multiple Sclerosis in Adults. Web. 2014. Available at: http://www.uptodate.com/contents/epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-adults [accessed March 29, 2014]
Tardif, Chrisine. et al. Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Of Cortical Multiple Sclerosis Pathology. Web. 2012. Available at: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/msi/2012/742018/[accessed March 29, 2014]
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