Description and Definition of Depression
The underlying theme of the article by Crethar, Snow and Carlson (2004) stems from the assumptions of family systems theory (FST). There are several points regarding etiology and interventions for the treatment of childhood and adolescent depression made, which are delineated by its concepts. Based on the perspective of FST, family communications and their distortions are speculated to play an etiological role in severe psychiatric disorders, especially depression (Slesnick & Waldron, 1997). It is seen as symptomatic of the dysfunctions of a family’s interactions which commonly affect their children (Crethar et al., 2004). The idea, that the occurrences within a familial context affect children within that system, stems from the idea of interdependence in FST, in which each member is being affected by and is affecting...
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Sanders, M. R., Cash, R., Dadds, M. R., & Johnson, B.M. (1992). Childhood Depression and Conduct Disorder: I. Behavioral, Affective, and Cognitive Aspects of Family Problem-Solving Interactions. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 101(3), 495-504.
Slesnick, N. & Waldron, H. B. (1997). Interpersonal Problem-Solving Interactions of Depressed Adolescents and Their Parents. Journal of Family Psychology, 11(2), 234-245.
Westbrook, D., Kirk, J. (2004). The Clinical Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavior Therapy: Outcome for Large Sample of Adults Treated in Routine Practice. Behavior Research and Therapy, 43, 1243-1261.
Zastrow, C. & Kirst-Ashman, K.K. (2001). Understanding Human Behavior and the Social Environment. In L. Gebo (Ed.), Theoretical Perspectives on Human Behavior and the Social Environment (p. 1-48). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
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