In all projects, there are stakeholders which can be described as either person, organization or a group that have some form of interest in a project. Stakeholders have influence in every aspect of the project and influence more often end up in some form of conflict. Conflicts can derail a project, increase cost or even shut down a project and to avoid the situation as such, it is imperative to understand the importance of stakeholder’s difference in conflicts resolutions. This paper will discuss how understanding cultural value, beliefs, and norms of communication aids in conflict resolution between stakeholders.
Stakeholder comes different cultures with different values from each other and without understanding those values it will prevent conflicts from being resolved. According to Lewicki 2010, the value is a judgment of what is important in social interaction, while the cultural value is the judgment shared by a group and national cultures differ in terms of shared values (p 325). Knowing the value of stakeholders are keys in resolving conflicts through negotiations. Negotiations can be difficult, therefore it is significant for all to understanding stakeholder’s values are either from individualist and collective cultures.
Individualist culture is one in which individuals are rewarded for their individual accomplishment and protect individual rights. While collective culture is one in which interdependency is promoted and much emphasis is on social obligations ((Lewicki, Saunders, & Barry, 2010, p 326). Knowing if a stakeholder is from an individualist or collective culture during the preparation stage leading up to negotiation of conflict resolution will be valuable information. ...
... middle of paper ...
...stakeholders in negotiation goes beyond understanding when yes means no. If negotiators are going to reach integrative agreements, they need to share information about interests and priorities (Lewicki, Saunders, & Barry, 2010, p 330). Regardless of the stakeholder’s position direct and indirect communication will be used to deal conflicts when they arise.
Conflicts are part of life and stakeholders have different point of views on how they perceive a conflict and it very important to understand their difference in order to resolve them. Cultural values, beliefs, and norms of communication are areas that should be careful considers in conflict resolution. Understanding stakeholders will establish a solid foundation were culture values are developed through which direct and indirect communication can be used to build trust through beliefs and norms.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- 1.1 INTRODUCTION There is no doubt that the HIV and AIDS epidemic has had a devastating influence on Africa, especially in my community of Qumbu. The AIDS epidemic has killed more lives than the sum total of all wars, famines and floods, and the ravages of deadly diseases as Malaria. It is destroying families in my community, overwhelming and depleting health care services. The AIDS epidemic influence in my community is significant ways should developed to reduce its effect. (Abdool Karim and Abdool Karim 2010) 1.2 HIV AND AIDS IN MY COMMUNITY A few years ago, a lot would have not estimated the current state of the HIV and AIDS pandemic in society.... [tags: morbidity and mortality, africa]
1038 words (3 pages)
- ... This mainly includes poverty and disempowerment because women in lower living standards tend to be treated poorly by men since they are not seen as equals in society. Secondly, changing attitudes and behaviours of men will be an important issue to address because this concerns condom use against protection of HIV/AIDS. In order for this to be work, there must be social change in the cultures on beliefs and attitudes of men. Lastly, we need to understand that HIV/AID affects men and women differently; women are more susceptible physically and emotionally.... [tags: poverty, condoms, empower]
968 words (2.8 pages)
- Diversity and Cultural Competence in Family Therapy A therapist will face problems, issues and client troubles everyday. The professional must understand how their client relates to the world around them. These feelings and ideas affect how the client sees the problem and how they respond to their situation. Their actions, in turn, have bearing on individual thoughts, needs, and emotions. The therapist must be aware of the client's history, values, and culture in order to provide effective therapy.... [tags: Psychology]
1048 words (3 pages)
- There are several literatures discussing the importance of condoms in prevention of sexually transmitted diseases; the findings and conclusions of these studies were more or less similar especially among the young population. The youth represent the cohort with a substantial risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infection (Bull, S et al, 2012). Although the risk of acquiring such infections is common among heterosexual couples, male to male sexual behaviour has been considered as the primary risk factor for STIs, especially human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (Geibel et al, 2010).... [tags: condoms, std, hiv, aids, gay sex]
1322 words (3.8 pages)
- Social norm is the understanding people can influence our behavior in day to day basis. In social norms in society there is implicit rules which, is known as the not spoken but, you learn them when you deviate the rule by breaking the social norms in society such as, values, beliefs, attitudes, morals and behavior. People tend to follow the norms of society or the group. But, not following the social norms of society, individuals might think your deviant. However, social norms can be biased sometimes because, every culture has different norms and values.... [tags: Social Norms Essays]
2774 words (7.9 pages)
- 3) Applying Application The study of anthropology aids the overall understanding and comprehension of humans as a species from the dawn of our existence to the modern era. The four anthropology sub fields are: cultural, archeological, biological, and linguistic. All four fields offer insight to the unique perspectives of the foundation and evolution of humans and their surroundings. However, it is the other dimension of Anthropology that is monumental in identifying real world problems and creating resolutions for the purpose of helping individuals or a community as a whole - Applied Anthropology.... [tags: Anthropology, Cultural anthropology, Ethnography]
819 words (2.3 pages)
- In 1918 the United States experienced one of the worst epidemics in its history. With 500,000 dead in a matter of 6 months, the Spanish influenza left its mark. With approximately 11.7 million dead worldwide, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(AIDS) is still leaving its mark. It is a pandemic the likes of which the world has always feared to see. The HIV virus comes in several varieties, yet they kill basically the same. Our understanding of this virus and how it works is essential to finding its cure, and to preventing its spread.... [tags: AIDS Essays]
1458 words (4.2 pages)
- Scientists have concluded, based on mathematical research, that the virus that lead to the epidemic of AIDS can be traced all the way back to 1930, somewhere around Central Africa. Bette Korber, of the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, presented this conclusion at the Conference of Retroviruses. The notion that HIV was introduced in contaminated oral polio vaccines in Africa between the years of 1957 and 1961 has been often debated and challenged. The results presented by Korber, not only refute the before mentioned allegations, but also move us toward finding out where the virus really came from and in which direction it is heading in the future.... [tags: AIDS Essays]
627 words (1.8 pages)
- To talk about AIDS today, one has also to talk about sexuality. Nowadays AIDS is largely related to sexual activities since AIDS is a consequence of the virus HIV, which can be transmitted during sexual relations. The movie that we saw, Philadelphia, deals with this. It tells the story of a homosexual man who contracted HIV during sexual intercourse with another man. After some years he starts to suffer from AIDS and the discrimination that came along with it. He was a successful lawyer, and was fired only because he had AIDS.... [tags: Free AIDS Essays]
846 words (2.4 pages)
- “Nearly 90 percent of Russia’s HIV infections occur among addicts sharing dirty needles” (Klesius, p.35). This percentage from a National Geographic magazine would differ heavily from that of the United States. The Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation reported that through the year 2002 in the state of Colorado that only 9% of aids cases in the state were due to injection drug use and 25% on the national level. (Kaiser Family Foundation) In the United States, Men who have sex with men would more closely share Russia’s dirty needle problem for being the number 1 cause for AIDS transmission with 46% in the U.S.... [tags: Free AIDS Essays]
1307 words (3.7 pages)