The terms conscious and unconscious are used in everyday conversation but their scientific meaning is often unclear. In lay terms most people are aware of being aware (conscious) but have experienced occasions whereby they are still somehow aware of something without realising they are aware (unconscious). Many believe that consciousness and an ability to communicate go hand in hand (Carlson 2001a). Therefore without consciousness there would be no communication, so there would be little point for humans, as Jeremy indicates. However there are situations where there is awareness that can be communicated, but there is a complete absence of consciousness of this awareness. These include subliminal messages and the phenomenon of blindsight, both of which are discussed below, following a brief review of the psychological understanding of consciousness.
The psychological understanding of consciousness
The renowned psychologist Sigmund Freud believed that speech errors (?Freudian slips?) provide a window into the unconscious processing occurring in an individuals brain (Parkin 1996b). Thus, if an individual makes a mistake in their normal language, this indicates that there is an unconscious element to what they are thinking about or saying, of which they are unaware. Despite this lack of awareness the unconscious processing impacts the ...
... middle of paper ...
Farah, M.J., O'Reilly, R.C. & Vecera, S.P. 1993, "Dissociated overt and covert recognition as an emergent property of a lesioned neural network", Psychological review, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 571-588.
Kelly, E.W. & Alvarado, C.S. 2005, "Frederic William Henry Myers, 1843-1901", American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 162, no. 1, pp. 34.
Parkin, A.J. 1996a, "Blindsight" in Explorations in Cognitive neuropsychology, ed. A.J. Parkin, 1st edn, Psychology Press, Hove, East Sussex, pp. 24-37.
Parkin, A.J. 1996b, "Spoken language impairments" in Explorations in Cognitive neuropsychology, ed. A.J. Parkin, 1st edn, Psychology Press, Hove, East Sussex, pp. 129-153.
Toates, F. 2006, "Introduction to brains, mind and consciousness" in From cells to consciousness, eds. S. Datta, I. Lyon & B. MacKintosh, et al, 2nd edn, The Open University, Milton Keynes, pp. 1-42.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- When a person makes a decision they make it based on the environment action as a stimulus working together with their internal thought process. Sigmund Freud first developed the theory of personality and the topographical model of the mind where he described the mind as a reservoir of water with an iceberg in it. Freud used this model to describe balance of the conscious and unconscious mind; the iceberg he used to model the conscious mind and the vast reservoir of water he used to symbolize the unconscious mind.... [tags: Mind, Consciousness, Unconscious mind]
1376 words (3.9 pages)
- Background The mind is very interesting and a huge fascination. There are many different parts and functions of the mind. A lot of things go on in the mind that we tend to have questions about. One of the most captivating things in psychology is dreaming. In the dream state, your mind sleeps, but your mind does not know or recognize that you are sleeping. A dream is an unconscious psychological outlook of your mind. There is no realism to it. You contribute to it as if it was realistic though.... [tags: Dream, Psychology, Unconscious mind]
1097 words (3.1 pages)
- Freud’s Pioneering Theories Sigismund Schlomo Freud changed his name to Sigmund Freud in 1877. This Austrian neurologist, who was the “founding father of psychoanalysis,” qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881 and then carried out research into cerebral palsy, aphasia and microscopic neuroanatomy at Vienna General Hospital. After he co-authored with Dr. Josef Breuer Studies on Hysteria (1895), Freud’s subsequent publications and lectures detailed and highlighted his own theories that resulted in the creation of psychoanalysis.... [tags: Unconscious mind, Sigmund Freud, Psychoanalysis]
2601 words (7.4 pages)
- The biological and mental functions that are present in the body process the information that is given, and the mind is the mediator of the information that is processed through these biological and mental functions. It constructs an interpretation of the sensory input that is received by both functions. The information that is received by the brain is further interpreted by the mind and it constructs a unique reality from the basic information. The mind as the mediator can be seen in topics such as categorization and bias in social realities, but also in the language and thought of both humans and non-human animals.... [tags: information, sensory, input, mediator]
935 words (2.7 pages)
- Elizabeth Anderson Research Paper Cognitive Psychology 12/8/14 Anxiety and Pre-Processing: Conscious or Unconscious. Many cognitive models suggest that anxiety is characterized by a hypervigilance to several types of threat such as situational or social, which begins at an early, preconscious, stage of processing. The exact degree to which the processing of threat seen in anxiety takes place automatically, even in circumstances where conscious visual perception is absent, is still largely debated due to the lack of methods that are capable of reliably operationalizing the constituents found in automaticity.... [tags: Anxiety, Fear, Psychology]
1519 words (4.3 pages)
- I'll show in an initial section (I.) that the kind of analogy between life and information – that seems to be central to the effect that artificial mind may represents an expected advance in the life evolution in Universe – is like the design argument and that if the design argument is invalid, the argument to the effect that artificial mind may represents an expected advance in the life evolution in Universe is also unfounded and invalid. However, if we are prepared to admit (though we should not do) this method of reasoning as valid, I'll show in an second section (II.), that the analogy between life and information to the effect that artificial mind may represents an expected advance in... [tags: technology, artificial mind]
2078 words (5.9 pages)
- The information processing theory to leadership, as defined by Hackman and Johnson “works to shift the focus of leadership to interpersonal communication” (65). To be success from an information processing theory leadership perspective, Hackman and Johnson lay out a number of implications which aspiring leaders must work at refining to become successful. Some of the key components which they identify are building a knowledge base, utilizing the power of categorization, getting to know your audience, demonstrating personal commitment, and getting followers to adopt a we not me mindset.... [tags: Leadership, Management, Cave, Skill]
888 words (2.5 pages)
- Image Processing Image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame, the output of the image processing may be either an image or a set of characteristics or parameters related to the image. Most image processing techniques involve treating the image as a two-dimensional signal and applying standard signal processing techniques to it. Image processing usually refers to digital image processing, but optical and analog image processing also are possible.... [tags: processing a picture by a computer]
1063 words (3 pages)
- Abstract This paper provides information on data and its importance in the speed of a computer and how it is stored. This paper gives examples of the different input as well as output forms for data. This paper also details the way that data effects memory in a computer as well as the different types of memory and data storage that a computer may have. Data and its Importance in Accurate and Quick Processing Data plays an important role for computers and how well they perform. The accuracy of data entry is very important in that if bad data or too much data is stored on a computer that the processing of that data is flawed and can significantly slow the computer's processing down.... [tags: Computer Information Processing]
1131 words (3.2 pages)
- Human beings believe that they live their life in a conscious manner; that they are aware of their surroundings and know what is going on around them at all times. Yet deeper analysis of the word conscious leads to a more confusing thought process than a human being may be able to grasp. The Personal and Collective Unconscious by Carl Jung believes that “the unconscious contains only those parts of the personality which could just as well be conscious and are in fact suppressed only through upbringing”(344).... [tags: essays research papers]
1348 words (3.9 pages)