One modernist author, Herman Broch, discusses his approach to mythology in his essay “The Style of the Mythical Age.” His focus is on understanding and using archetypes as a way of analyzing mythology. He says, “Myth is the archetype of every phenomenal cognition of which the human mind is capable,” (102). For Broch, Modernist literature is a return to the mythic; myth is the only way in which the world may be understo...
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...d the “continuous parallel between contemporaneity and antiquity,” which Eliot calls the “mythical method,” aids the reader in understanding the Modernist approach. Through the play between the conscious and the unconscious, Joyce utilizes depth psychology. His interplay between the Odyssey and his own story show the archetypes of Homer and their significance. Ulysses, while being the best example of a Modernist text, is also a book that is needed in Joyce’s world just as much as the Odyssey was needed when it was written. Though Homer’s work has not lost its significance, Joyce’s reworking of it has made it even more relevant for a world which is so different and changed from Homer’s. He has written a book for the “next generation,” as Eliot tells his readers. It is the duty of the reader then to utilize Joyce’s work as a tool by which Modernism may be understood.
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