Stem cells are defined by their “multilineage potential” and their “ability for self-renewal” (Fahey & Wallace, 2011, p. 672). It is these characteristics that make them so unique when compared to other types of cells. Pluripotent stem cells “have the potential to give rise to every cell and tissue in the body, except the placenta,” while multipotent stem cells “are more limited in the types of cells they can become” (Steenblock & Payne, 2006, p.7). Large quantities of stem cells can “respond to specific chemical signals and set about to facilitate healing by differentiating into the specialized cells required for the body’s repair” (p. 5). Because of this, many experts believ...
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Steenblock, D. A., & Payne, A. G. (2006). Umbilical cord stem cell therapy: The gift of healing from healthy newborns. Laguna Beach, CA: Basic Health Publications.
Troeger, C., & Holzgreve, W. (2011). Cord blood allogeneic and autologous banking. In N. Bhattacharya & P. Stubblefield (Eds.), Frontiers of cord blood science (pp.307-315). London: Springer.
ViaCord. (2012). Treatable diseases and future uses of cord umbilical cord blood stem cells. ViaCord Cord Blood Banking + Research. Retrieved from http://www.viacord.com/treatable-diseases.htm
Zhao, Y., Jiang, Z., Zhao, T., Ye, M., Hu, C., Yin, Z….Mazonne, T. (2012). Reversal of type 1 diabetes via islet beta cell regeneration following immune modulation by cord blood-derived multipotent stem cells. BMC Medicine, 10(3). Retrieved from http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/10/3
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