1) What is the ‘typical profile’ of the female offender?
The ‘typical profile’, of a female offender is that they are likely to have a history of trauma, suffer from a mental illness and have substance abuse and alcohol issues. Further, most are illiterate and have had a long history of unemployment. It is possible they have could have been/be involved in violent relationships. They are likely to be the primary care giver for their children, but not have the support of a partner to raise her children. It is possible that they have had trouble accessing adequate accommodation, especially if they have children.
2) Please explain the specific disparities experienced by females post release!
Females experience several disparities post release, including employment, housing, parole, access to health care and services along with the transition from prison to living independently in the community.
The transition from prison to living in the community can be particularly bothersome for female offenders. Obtaining employment can be rather difficult as they have a criminal record and most jobs require the applicant to undergo a police check. Most offenders have low levels of education which can make it more difficult to obtaining a job. If they obtain employment it is usually poorly paid and this makes it incredibly difficult to pay rent, buy food and provide for their children.
In particular, females who have spent time in prison experience great difficulty in accessing adequate accommodation. While finding housing is a significant problem that all women face post release, it can be further burdened if they are trying to access housing for their children as well. If an offender is imprisoned f...
... middle of paper ...
...ned it takes a significant toll on the family unit as they tend to take on the main role of thecarer in families. Not only does this have social and economic impacts on the family, but the community as well.
6) What are the current strategies to help reverse the trend of increasing female incarceration rates?
There are more programs that are gender specific to prevent or decrease the likelihood of women offending. While these services are limited, they focus on the particular needs of the female offender. Women’s needs are more complex and they face more disparities in comparison to male offenders. These programs and services aim to target these areas.
Stone, U. (2016). Lecture eight: The female offender in prisons and Community Based Corrections – specific issues and disparities with male prisoners. Lecture presented in RMIT University, Melbourne.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Profile of a Hate Crime Offender Sterilized from emotion, hate crime, also called bias crime, is those offenses motivated in part or singularly by personal prejudice against other because of a diversity-race, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity/national origin, or disability. Hate crimes are committed out of anger, ignorance, and lack of knowledge of another’s ideas and beliefs. There are many causes for an individual to commit a hate crime. Also, many different profiles fit the description of a hate crime offender.... [tags: Papers]
1606 words (4.6 pages)
- I am an awful human being. I am a disgrace to my family. My friends are embarrassed of me. I am gross. I am judged, and will be until I am deemed ‘safe’ by my supervisors. People are afraid of me. I am not welcome anywhere. I am disgusting. I don’t deserve to be treated as a normal person, but as a leper. I should be ashamed of myself, or at least that is what I’m told. I am a registered sex offender. A registered sex offender is defined as (Question 1) “a person, male or female, who has been convicted of a crime involving a sexual act where the federal, state or local laws require them to be placed on the Sexual Offender Registry after they have served their criminal sentences or when they... [tags: Human sexual behavior, Sex offender]
1690 words (4.8 pages)
- When walking around your neighborhood, town, local mall, or other places you frequent, are you constantly thinking about if or when you may encounter a registered sex offender. For most people, that is not the first thing that is on their mind. In reality you probably encounter many in your life without even knowing it. The Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act was initially implemented to give people the ability to know who is living around them, what they were charged with, and potentially give the community a sense of security.... [tags: Sex offender, Sex offender registration]
1078 words (3.1 pages)
- Although sex offender registries are intended to be a precautionary measure to reduce recidivism rates, they do have collateral consequences for the sex offenders. Being a registered sex offender may make it difficult for an offender to maintain employment and their relationships. Their offense may cause them to lose their job and make it difficult for them to obtain another. The lack of financial stability and support combined with residency restrictions can make it difficult for registered sex offenders to find suitable housing (Bonnar-Kidd, 2010).... [tags: Sex offender, Sex offender registration]
1613 words (4.6 pages)
- Aboriginal women account for 24.9% of the general population and 32.5% of the incarcerated female population (Amey Bell, Shelly Trevethan & Nicole Allegri, 2004). Aboriginal female offenders are also responsible for violent crimes (Bell et al., 2004). Aboriginal female offenders have an adverse childhood; the childhood for Aboriginal women are centred around family violence, instability and substance abuse (Colleen Dell & Jennifer Kitty, 2012). The Canadian government is attempting to solve the over representation by implementing bills such as 718.2(e) (Gillian Balflour, 2012).... [tags: Prison, Crime, Corrections, Criminal justice]
869 words (2.5 pages)
- Research on the different needs and stressors of male and female offenders began in 1990s. Before this time, women and girls were the ‘‘forgotten offenders’’ because they were overlooked in correctional research, policy development, program design, and organizational management (Morton, 2007). Recently, the amount of female prisoners in correctional facilities has been increasing dramatically. Female prisoners increased from 108,800 in 2012 to 111,300 in 2013. The female prison population increased in 36 states, including Texas, California, Florida, and New York (the states with the largest number of prisoners).... [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Incarceration]
830 words (2.4 pages)
- In the last century, lawmakers have passed several social policies designed to protect the public from sexual victimization. The sexual victimization of innocent children is an unforgivable offense in the public perception thus, the vast majority of people would like to see these kinds of offenders incarcerated for life. Unfortunately, this is not the case in most situations, therefore this research discusses the successes and challenges surrounding the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORN) of future offending of Tier 3 sex offenders.... [tags: Sex offender, Human sexual behavior]
1702 words (4.9 pages)
- In the previous years the number of incarcerated women have increased drastically. According to the authors the recent change in arrest patterns could be because of the constructionist approach which focuses on shifts in law enforcement practices or other mechanisms of crime control to explain changes in arrest patterns.” (Schwartz, Steffensmeir & Feldmeyer, Pg.9) According to Beth Richie, “ women constitute a small fraction of the total population but the number of women incarceration rates are growing more significantly then their male counterparts… Women constituted for 16% of all people detained in correctional facilities.” (Beth Richie, Pg.2) Compared to why men are put in prison majori... [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Corrections]
985 words (2.8 pages)
- Gish Jen’s novel Typical American A mother drives her three kids to soccer practice in a Ford minivan while her husband stays at the office, rushing to finish a report. Meanwhile, a young woman prays her son makes his way home from the local grocery without getting held up at knife point by the local gang. Nearby, an immigrant finishes another 14-hour shift at the auto parts factory, trying to provide for his wife and child, struggling to make way in a new land. Later, a city girl hails a cab to meet her girlfriends at their favorite club to celebrate her new promotion over cosmopolitans.... [tags: Jen Typical American Novel Analysis]
1268 words (3.6 pages)
- Offender Profiling Offender profiling is a set of techniques used by law enforcement agencies to try to identify perpetrators of serious crime. Profiling techniques have been used increasingly by police forces in many parts of the world, while fictional representations in films and television series like Silence of the Lambs and Cracker have generated a huge fascination with the topic. A) In 1994, as a result of the work by David Canter, the potential of offender profiling was discovered.... [tags: Papers]
400 words (1.1 pages)
- The Speech Of Aristophanes ' Story With Real Human Beings
- Michelle Alexander And Roxanne Dunbar Ortiz
- Analysis Of Frederick Douglass 's ' The Golden Door Of Freedom '
- The Limitation Of Sia 's Resource Development And Design
- Leadership Through New Tools : Leadership
- Geological Activity On Other Planets