Although, is not always easy to define in practice, the concept of intrinsic motivation is embedded in many of the major theories of work motivation. Maslow wrote about self-actualization which means the needs to fulfill one’s potentialities while Alderfer’s growth needs describe a person’s need to explore, investigate and master his or her environment. The similarity between McGregor’s Theory Y and McClelland’s achievement motivation theory is both also stress on the importance of an internal desire to succeed at challenging tasks and seek responsibility. Based on the few theories stated, a common assumption make is that people need to feel competent (Wiersma, 1992).
The intrinsic-extrinsic distinction can be descriptively categorized into two major types: as an individual characteristic or fairly stable personal, and as a fairly changeable psychological state. The intrinsic-extrinsic distinction is most often used in Organization Behavior to describe a person’s orientation toward his or ...
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...ted causes of performance as determinants of intrinsic motivation. Academy of Management Journal, 28(4), 876-888.
4. Broedling, L. A. (1977). The uses of the intrinsic-extrinsic distinction in explaining motivation and organizational behavior. Academy of Management Review, 267-276.
5. Negussie, N. (2012). Relationship between rewards and nurses' work motivation in Addis Ababa hospitals. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 22(2), 107-112.
6. Turnage, J. J., & Muchinsky, P. M. (1976). The effects of reward contingency and participative decision making on intrinsically and extrinsically motivating tasks.Academy of Management Journal, 19(3), 482-489.
7. Kowalewski, S. J., & Phillips, S. L. (2012). Preferences for performance based employee rewards: evidence from small business environments. International Journal of Management and Marketing Research, 5(2), 65-76.
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