Types of Coffee Essay

Types of Coffee Essay

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When discussing different types of coffee, there are many variables that come into play. True coffee conneseurs know where their favorite coffees are grown and how they have been roasted. Different growing regions affect the beans in relation to weather, growth season and soil. Two identical trees grown in differing regions will produce coffee beans with different qualities and tastes. In many cases, coffees are blended to achieve a specific taste. A true coffee aficionado will need to understand the differences between beans from specific regions as well as roasting techniques.
Arabica vs. Robusto
In the grand coffee scheme Arabica beans are the cream of the crop while Robusto beans are considered more common or lower grade. Here are a few differences between the two.
These plants are more delicate overall with a high sensitivity to temperatures and higher vulnerability to pests. They grow better in the tropics and sub-tropics at higher altitudes, generally not more than 100 miles from the equator. Arabica beans are much more flavorful than the Robusta and the roasted beans have a slightly sweet smell. Arabica beans have slightly less caffeine than the Robusta beans.
The Robusta plants are hardier and can tolerate climates and soil conditions that are less favorable. Most of this type of coffee bean is grown in Africa and Asia. This type of bean is considered an everyday roast and is used in most brands of coffee found at the supermarket. They beans can smell burnt with a nutty undertone. Many people have compared the smell to that of burnt plastic or rubber.
Growing Regions
The next thing to consider is the region where the coffee beans were grown. Each region imparts distinct characteristics upon the bea...

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...ive and individual thing. On the other hand, the most expensive coffee in the world has got to be the best, right? The most expensive coffee in the world is known as Kopi Luwak. This rare coffee comes from beans digested by the Luwak, or a mongoose like animal that lives in tree tops in Indonesia. The luwak eats the coffee cherries and nibbles off the outer fruit layer. The bean then runs through the digestive tract of the animal where subtle chemical changes occur within the bean itself. The beans are then collected from the luwak excrement, cleaned and lightly roasted. The end product is a coffee that is rich and full bodied with no bitterness and just a hint of chocolate and caramel.
A pound of this rare coffee bean will run somewhere in the neighborhood of $300 per pound. Sure makes those coffee house specialty coffees look a little more reasonably priced.

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