Humans are naturally nervous creatures who tend to get nervous when put under pressure or put in certain situations that make them uncomfortable. There are many individuals who can handle this easily and know how to release that stress without it turning into a stress forming habit. There are others who are unable to handle these situations properly and develop certain “tics” that help the individual release this nervous tension. These types of behaviors can be things like nail biting, chewing on the insides of one’s gums, hair picking, and lip biting. Many different studies have been done on these types of nervous behaviors to figure out what can be done to help reverse these habits and which type of behavior modification works best for helping an individual stop these self-injurious behaviors.
In the research study, “Relax and Try This Instead: Abbreviated Habit Reversal for Maladaptive Self-Biting” done by Jones, Swearer and Friman, they found that the most effective treatment for self-biting is habit reversal. To show the success of habit reversal treatment they conducted a study on a fifteen year old boy, named Sam, who had been diagnosed with overanxious disorder and was severely biting his lips when...
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...estructive oral habits (biting, chewing or licking of the lips, cheeks, tongue or palate). Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 13(1), 49-54. doi:10.1016/0005-7916(82)90035-0
Jones, K. M., Swearer, S. M., & Friman, P. C. (1997). Relax and try this instead: Abbreviated habit reversal for maladaptive self-biting. Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis, 30(4), 697-699. doi:10.1901/jaba.1997.30-697
Lyon, L. S. (1983). A behavioral treatment of compulsive lip-biting. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 14(3), 275-276. doi:10.1016/0005-7916(83)90060-5
Miltenberger, R. G. (2012). Behavior modification (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.
Sarkhel, S., Praharaj, S. K., & Akhtar, S. (2011). Cheek-biting disorder: Another stereotypic movement disorder? Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25, 1085-1086. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.07.006
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