The pancreas is an organ in the human body that’s main function is to support digestion and produce hormones that control blood glucose levels. Insulin and glucagon are the two hormones that are involved with blood glucose levels. Throughout the pancreas there are tiny nests of cells known as islets of Langerhans. The majority of those cells are beta cells that produce and store the hormone insulin. The alpha cells are also located in the islets that produce and store glucagon. The insulin lowers blood glucose levels and glucagon raises blood glucose levels. After an individual has a meal, the carbohydrates from that meal are converted into glucose in the intestine and liver, and then soon enter the blood stream. The beta cells can sense an increase in the blood glucose levels; they then begin to secrete insulin to enter the blood. The insulin assists the glucose to enter the body’s cells, where the insulin can be burned by the liver and muscles to form energy. When you have type 1 diabetes mellitus, there is no longer a balance between the alpha and beta cells because the beta cells produce very little to no insulin. The glucose then fails to enter the cells effectively and the glucose remains stuck in the blood stream that will result in hyperglycemic blood glucose (Saudi, 2009).
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes is a chronic illness when the body is unable to produce insulin due to the autoimmune destruction of the beta cells in the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but is most common in young children. People with type 1 are usually not obese and can initially present diabetic ketoacidosis. If insulin is withdrawn from the patient, ketosis and eventual...
... middle of paper ...
...mal most of the time, it can dramatically reduce the risk of some of these major life complications. Eventually diabetes complications may be disabling or life-threatening. Diabetes can dramatically increase the risk of various cardiovascular problems, which may include a heart attack, stroke, and high blood pressure. When there is an excess amount of glucose in the blood, it can damage the walls of the blood vessels that nourish the nerves. Once the nerves are injured it can cause tingling, numbness, and burning; or pain that usually begins at the tips of the toes or fingers and spreads upwards. When the blood glucose levels are uncontrolled, the patient will eventually lose all sense of feeling in the limbs that are affected. A woman who is pregnant and has high glucose levels can be at risk for miscarriage, stillbirth, and birth defects (Type 1 Diabetes, 2014).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- diabetes, caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize sugars and starch. Diabetes mellitus is characterized as the chronic elevation of blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) resulting from defects in insulin secretion or insulin action. Diabetes mellitus falls into two broad categories or types namely type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes mellitus also referred to as juvenile diabetes, it can also develop in adults. This type of diabetes mellitus occurs when your body no longer produces insulin because the immune system that normally protects the body against bacteria and viruses has attacked and destroyed the cells that pr... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Obesity, Blood sugar]
1784 words (5.1 pages)
- 1. Discuss the pathophysiology of Diabetes Mellitus. The pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in is related to the insulin hormone. Insulin is secreted by cells in the pancreas and is responsible for regulating the level of glucose in the bloodstream. It also aids the body in breaking down the glucose to be used as energy. When someone suffers from diabetes, however, the body does not break down the glucose in the blood as a result of abnormal insulin metabolism. When there are elevated levels of glucose in the blood, it is known as hyperglycemia.... [tags: Diabetes Mellitus, Pathophysiology]
1147 words (3.3 pages)
- Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a complex chronic metabolic disease that is due lack or deficiency in the production of endogenous insulin hormone from the pancreatic beta cells. The multi-systemic disease can either be caused by inherited or acquired defects in insulin production or ineffectiveness of the produced insulin to exert its functions. Insulin hormone is significant in regulating glucose broken down from the food we consume. Diabetic disease interferes with the ability of the body to utilize energy derived from food.... [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Obesity, Hypertension]
988 words (2.8 pages)
- Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a form of diabetes mellitus in which not enough insulin is produced. It however is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Insulin theraMaturity onset diabetes of the young refers to any of several hereditary forms of diabetes caused by mutations in an autosomal dominant gene disrupting insulin production. MODY is often referred to as "monogenic diabetes" to distinguish it from the more common types of diabetes, which involve more complex combinations of causes involving multiple genes and environmental factors.... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Diabetes]
893 words (2.6 pages)
- Type 1 diabetes formally known as juvenile diabetes is defined as a form of diabetes mellitus that occurs during childhood or adolescence characterized by a severe insulin deficiency. (Craig, 2014) Type 1 diabetes is often an insulin dependent disease. There is a deficiency of insulin secretion resulting from atrophy of islets of Langerhans cells. This can cause high blood glucose levels also known as hyperglycemia, which can lead to ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis is defined as a serious complication from diabetes with high glucose levels where the body produces excess blood acid best known as ketones.... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Diabetes]
1202 words (3.4 pages)
- Diabetes Mellitus Introduction Diabetes Mellitus, as defined by the American Diabetes Association, is “a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both”(Diagnosis and Clarification,” 2008). There are many different types of diabetes, with the two most familiar forms being type 1, and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, previously referred to as “juvenile-diabetes”, only accounts for 5-10% of individuals diagnosed with diabetes.... [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Obesity]
1099 words (3.1 pages)
- Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Pediatric Type 1 diabetes (type 1 diabetes mellitus) is a long-term (chronic) disease. It occurs when the pancreas does not make enough of a hormone called insulin. Normally, insulin moves sugars from food into tissue cells. The tissue cells use the sugars for energy. Lack of insulin causes excess sugars to build up in the blood instead of going into the tissue cells. As a result, high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) develops. High blood sugar (glucose) levels can cause many complications.... [tags: Blood sugar, Diabetes mellitus, Nutrition]
1686 words (4.8 pages)
- Diabetes Mellitus: Not to be Taken Lightly Diabetes Mellitus, more commonly known as Diabetes, affects approximately 26 million individuals in the United States. As a whole, Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic condition in which the body either expresses an intolerance to insulin, or is unable to produce enough insulin to meet its needs. Diabetes Mellitus is classified into categories, with Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational being the most well known. Each of these types may demonstrate many of the same signs and symptoms, however, there are differences worth taking note of in order to prevent future macrovascular and/or microvascular complications among diagnosed patients.... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Diabetes, Obesity]
1077 words (3.1 pages)
- A patient, known as BH, presented to his local ER complaining of abdominal pain, labored breathing, nausea, and vomiting. BH’s history includes a recent diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus I. This client is overweight, hypertensive, and Native American, which increase his chances of being diagnosed with diabetes (Lewis, Dirksen, Heitkemper &Bucher 2013 p.1155). A blood glucose test is done along with a CBC, pH, bicarbonate, BUN, urinalysis, ketones, and blood gas tests. The patient was found to be insulin non-compliant, diet non-compliant, had a blood glucose of 397, a bicarbonate of 7 and A1C of 12.9.... [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Blood sugar]
1145 words (3.3 pages)
- Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes is one of the commonest long term disorders and is a chronic disease that has no cure. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the USA as it contributed to more than 187 thousand deaths in 1995. Diabetes affects approximately five percent of the United States population, about 10-12 million people, of those half remain undiagnosed. It is also noted that different races tend to have different rates of diabetes, as from the table below you can see that cases of diabetes are high in Puerto Ricans.... [tags: Papers]
3057 words (8.7 pages)