Throughout history, every migration had a cause and effect, otherwise known as push/pull factors. Author John Steinbeck's, The Grapes of Wrath, which won the Pulitzer Prize, is about the mass migration occurred during the 1930's in the Midwest of America due to the conditions resulting from the dust bowl. During the Dust Bowl, severe dust storms caused major ecological, agricultural, and societal damage to American and Canadian lands. The phenomenon was caused by severe drought coupled with decades of extensive farming without crop rotation and other techniques to prevent erosion. During the drought of the 1930s, with no means to naturally keep the soil in place, it turned to dust, and flew towards the Atlantic Ocean in large dark clouds, sometimes referred to as "Black Blizzards" and "Black Rollers". The Dust Bowl caused millions of acres of farmland to become useless, and hundreds of thousands of people were forced to leave their homes as a result. Many of these families traveled to California. Although it was beneficial in the scheme of things, their travel towards California presented numerous difficulties. When they reached California, situation was not as easy as they thought it would be... They had racism there to welcome them for starters. The citizens of California started calling them Oakies, because most of them were from Oklahoma. Owning no land, these people traveled from farm to farm picking fruit and other crops for very littl...
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...at the same time. During the journey many of the migrants lost their life. Where as Muhammad could not use the main route because the assassins were looking for him, he had to take a long and hidden route.
Both migrants faced hard time when they reached their destination. On one hand Muhammad faced a warm welcome, but conspiracy from the former Caliphs. Where as the Oakies didn't get a warm welcome instead they were hated by the citizens of California for taking their employment. It was the worst time where they had no food and shelter. Where as Muhammad was welcomed and been treated very well, although some of the citizens of Madina didn't accepted Muhammad and the people of Makah (the followers) by heart.
"Hijrah." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 14 Dec. 2009
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