Most notably, the two main arguments as to why the use of the atomic bombs was necessary assert that it would have hastened the end of the war and saved millions of American lives; however, it was clear that Truman, Secretary of War Henry Stimson, and his advisers knew that “alternatives to the bomb existed” (Alperovitz, “Hiroshima” 15) that would have achieved the same desired results that the bomb had brought. A War Department study, Use of Atomic Bomb on Japan, conducted in 1946 found that Japanese leaders “had decided to surrender and were looking for sufficient pretext to convince” (Alperovitz, “Hiroshima” 16) their army that ending the war was n...
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...ievable magnitude without it being for the utmost certainty that it was necessary and directly towards the country at hand.
With the questions of ethics and motives in mind and the knowledge that alternative methods were available, it is obvious that the U.S. was not validated in their choice to use the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. In his discussion with President Truman following the death of former President Roosevelt, Henry Stimson candidly remarks that they would soon complete “the most terrible weapon ever known in human history” (Morton, “The Decision” 336). Of all the countries in the world, the United States still remains the first and only nation to drop a nuclear bomb on another. Fully knowing the capabilities of the atomic bomb, the U.S. set the deadly course for a new era of mass destruction in war—a course that could wipe thousands of civilians to dust.
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