On December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the U.S. Naval base at Pearl Harbor. This attack lead to the destruction of many ships, aircrafts, and American lives. As Commander-in-Chief and President of the United States, President Roosevelt delivered his “Day of Infamy” speech to congress in order to declare war on Japan, and to ensure to them that Victory will be met.
In order to analyze President Roosevelt’s speech, it must be broken down into several different parts. The first set of parts I will be going over break down the reason the speech was made. This set includes these four questions; what was the occasion, what the ultimate purpose was, what Roosevelt’s goals were, and what his intent was. After finding out the reason, I will proceed to look over two factors that Roosevelt had to consider when writing his speech. The first factor covers the many conditions that he had to keep in mind when composing his speech; I will go more in detail about these conditions further on. The second factor is the thought of what he would be up against when performing his speech.
To start analyzing “Day of Infamy,” I will go over the first set of parts. The first part of the set is looking at the occasion that the speech is for. As mentioned previously, Pearl Harbor received a surprise attack from the Empire of Japan; Roosevelt’s speech was a response to the attack, addressed to Congress. I know this because he starts off the speech by saying “Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, members of the Senate and the House of Representatives” (Roosevelt). His ultimate goal was to ask congress for a declaration of war against Japan. I believe that by having an ultimate purpose, he was able to build up a ...
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...nd there were several elements that made that happen. By having the ultimate purpose of asking congress for a declaration of war against the Empire Japan, he was able to set a goal to conjure some great points to help support his purpose. The type of support he used were facts and powerful statements involving how America will fight to ensure victory and the destruction caused by Japan’s surprise attack. Keeping in mind that he was presenting his speech to congress, Roosevelt wrote it to accommodate to them. There are several unique ideas that I learned from “Day of Infamy”. I learned to start with an ultimate purpose, then build a speech around it. Also, keeping in mid who you’re presenting a speech to help with writing that speech to accommodate that particular audience. Lastly, I learned to use both facts and encouraging phrases in order to make a powerful speech.
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