Truman 's Decision
WWII was a tragic war. Massive numbers of people were killed, soldiers and civilian. When the war began to draw to a close one of the last axis powers to remain fighting was Japan. It was said that Japan would never surrender so it was decided that in some way everything that they had to fight with would be destroyed. Although it was necessary to cut Japan off and leave them incapable of fighting, the bomb was not a necessary way of achieving this. Harry Truman’s decision to drop the bomb on Hiroshima was motivated his fear of the growing Soviet Union, not the necessity of crushing the Japanese so quickly. The Soviet Union was allied with the United States but they were growing as a military power. The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was used not used as a way to limit allied casualties as it had been said, but more of a way to demonstrate the power of the United States and there willingness to go to extreme measures in war.
It is widely excepted that the reason the bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki is that the estimated death toll for allied soldiers would have been high enough that the loss of innocent Japaneses citizens was deemed an acceptable loss. Some people have suggested that it was Harry Truman’s experience with the American Expeditionary Force in the First World War, were he served as an artillery officer, that led to his decision to use the bomb. Partly because of this past military experience, and his value for american lives over enemy lives, allowed him to make the decision, but this is not the end of the story. It was well known that Truman was a hard line anti-communist unlike the prior president Franklin D. Roosevelt. He was willing to do anything in order to keep the...
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Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Aug 1985, Vol. 41 Issue 7, p38-43. 6p. 10 Black and White Photos.
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Harry Truman’s decision to drop the bomb on Hiroshima was motivated his fear of the growing Soviet Union, not the necessity of crushing the Japanese so quickly.
Table of Contents
Introduction / Traditional Reasoning for the Dropping of the Bombs Pg. 1
Death Tolls of the Proposed Invasion Pg.2
Truman 's Fear of the Soviet Union Pg. 3
Timing of the Soviet Invasion of Japan Pg. 4
Impact of the Bomb and why Truman wanted the Soviets out of the Pacific Pg. 5
Other Pushes for the Bomb Drop Pg. 6-7
Why Japan Wouldn 't Surrender Pg. 8-9
Conclusion Pg. 10
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