Eisenhower’s dynamic conservatism now known as Modern Republicanism labeled him as a nonpartisan leader, who was fiscally conservative in reducing federal spending and socially moderate in maintaining existing social and economic legislation of the New Deal. With the policy shift of Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, foreign policy in dealing with Communism went from containing it, to rolling it back. The Strategic Air Command was established as a fleet of super bombers that were equipped with nukes that would allow for massive retaliation in the place of a large standing army or navy, and the threat of massive retaliation was used to get the Soviets to surrender, and issued the Mutual Assured Destruction, where both sides knew that neither nation would declare nuclear war because it would result in total annihilation ...
... middle of paper ...
... Cuban attack with all-out nuclear retaliation. In response to the increased Soviet ships coming with weapons, JFK ordered a blockade, which he called quarantine because a blockade is an act of war, around Cuba. For 13 days, the world held its breath as the threat of a nuclear war hung over the world, but the Soviets eventually turned back and Khrushchev agreed to remove weapons from Cuba in exchange for no US invasion of Cuba. Meanwhile in Berlin, the city was in turmoil between the East (Soviet) and the West (US controlled). In order to stop the mass exodus of East Berliners, the construction of the 90-mile Berlin Wall began. Both Kennedy and Khrushchev sought ways to ease the tension between the two groups, establishing a hotline between the White House and the Kremlin, and later this led to the Limited Ban Treaty, which banned nuclear testing in the atmosphere.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Robert S. McNamara served as Secretary of Defense for the United States under both President John F. Kennedy and President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1961 to 1968. During his service, McNamara oversaw military action for one of America’s most controversial wars, the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War created a polarity of opinions in the United States over what the correct the course of war would be. Those who advocated for a cease fire were referred to as “doves” while those who preferred elevated military action were called “hawk”.... [tags: Lyndon B. Johnson, John F. Kennedy, Vietnam War]
789 words (2.3 pages)
- With this book, a major element of American history was analyzed. The Cold War is rampant with American foreign policy and influential in shaping the modern world. Strategies of Containment outlines American policy from the end of World War II until present day. Gaddis outlines the policies of presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon, including policies influenced by others such as George Kennan, John Dulles, and Henry Kissinger. The author, John Lewis Gaddis has written many books on the Cold War and is an avid researcher in the field.... [tags: American history, George Kennan]
846 words (2.4 pages)
- John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy born in Brookline, Massachusetts on May 29, 1917. Kennedy believed in bipartisanship, both political parties working together to achieve great things for the United States. President Kennedy was apart of the U.S. Senator from Massachu 1953-1960 , as a Democrat. In 1960, JFK ran for the president election. His office term started in 1961. Before presidency, what kennedy was coming into, red scare, nuclear weapons. President Kennedy’s Foreign affairs regarding Communism, both faltered, Bay of pigs invasion and Vietnam, but also achieved a great feat; stopping the brink of a nuclear war.... [tags: Cold War, Cuban Missile Crisis, John F. Kennedy]
1026 words (2.9 pages)
- The 1964 played an important role in history. This was the year that The Beatles took over America by storm and Beatlemania release a series of number one hits. 1964 was not only a year of the greatest music of the century, but also of tragedy, lost and war. Such events include the investigation of John F. Kennedy assassination, the Vietnam War, and the war on poverty. This year had major events in business and economy, sports, arts and entertainment it became an important piece of history alike other years.... [tags: Lyndon B. Johnson, Vietnam War, John F. Kennedy]
1118 words (3.2 pages)
- The Assassination of John F. Kennedy “A flash, apparently official. President Kennedy died at 1:00 p.m.,” CBS’s Walter Cronkite came across the television to inform us all. The assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy sent a shock through people all around the world. Ask someone about that day and they will give the time, date, and every detail in between. President Kennedy touched the hearts of millions. The day his funeral was televised 93% of Americans sat around their televisions watching (Stein 26).... [tags: Lyndon B. Johnson, John F. Kennedy, Vietnam War]
1076 words (3.1 pages)
- Have you ever heard someone say, “Ask not what your country can do for you -- ask what you can do for your country”. This famous quote was given by the newly elected President of the United States on January 20th in 1961. In this speech Kennedy gave the speech during a significant historical period, which assists him in using all three parts of the modes of persuasion-- the logical appeal, the ethical appeal, and the emotional appeal. John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address speech was given during the middle of the Cold War.... [tags: United States, Cold War, John F. Kennedy]
1284 words (3.7 pages)
- The Cold War period allowed for new understandings into the various “Ways of Thinking”, which helped shape the societal paradigms of the era. These revelations in to the new “Ways of Thinking” is evidenced through Sylvia Plath’s poems, “Daddy”, “The Applicant” and “Morning Song”, and John F. Kennedy’s speech, “Ich Bin Ein Berliner” (1963). The composers are effectively able to reflect the “Ways of Thinking” of the period, such as the scientific, religious, philosophical and economic paradigms, in their compositions through various literary techniques.... [tags: Cold War, Communism, World War II, John F. Kennedy]
1328 words (3.8 pages)
- The three of these authors focus on different portions of one large painting, with that painting being Wilson and how he handled World War I. There is a similarity that exists between these secondary sources, and they even overlap—each of them consult the major primary sources such as Woodrow Wilson’s “peace without victory” speech, or even his war speech. All three sources did use these primary sources in different manners though, and this was because each of the sources focused on a different angle and topic of Wilsonian politics.... [tags: Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson]
887 words (2.5 pages)
- Without the leadership of John F. Kennedy, the Cold War would have changed history permanently. His leadership, morals, and composure will forever be admired and be an example to our country 's leaders. John F. Fitzgerald was born on May 29, 1917 in Brookline Massachusetts to Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. and Rose Kennedy. While Joseph Kennedy Sr. worked as Franklin Roosevelt 's Ambassador in the American Embassy in London in 1938, the Kennedy children had the privilege to attended the best schools, go on expensive vacations, and were known throughout the United States.... [tags: John F. Kennedy, Cold War, Berlin Wall]
2838 words (8.1 pages)
- From the 1880s until World War II, France governed Vietnam as part of French Indochina, which also included Cambodia and Laos. The country was under the formal control of an emperor, Bao Dai. From 1946 until 1954, the Vietnamese struggled for their independence from France during the first Indochina War. At the end of this war, the country was temporarily divided into North and South Vietnam. North Vietnam came under the control of the Vietnamese Communists who had opposed France and aimed for a unified Vietnam under Communist rule.... [tags: Vietnam War Essays]
1814 words (5.2 pages)