The top layers are called the canopy and the emergent layer and they for the largest percentage of biodiversity. Rainforests account for almost 50% of all biodiversity on the planet and almost 90% of that is contained in the upper portions. The large trees are interconnected through a series of vines that act as a road system and it allows the various insects and animals to travel freely throughout the canopy. The treetops are a dense network of large, leafy coverings that allow very little sunlight to leak through to the forest floor. The abundant sunlight at this layer creates a very rich resource abundance that supports the many organisms that make it their home. This also means that plants other than trees are forced to adapt in order to flourish in the light deprived environment below the canopy.
The lower levels of plants exist in a layering system that is dictated by their sunlight needs. Leaves on these plants are large and broad to allow the absorption of the limited sunlight. The ground level here contains very little plant litter when compared to...
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...he use of smaller shipping roads by logging companies can also reduce their negative footprint in these areas. Tree plantations can help to restore areas already devastated by logging operations. Governments and organizations need to shift their mindset to see reforestation efforts as an investment in their future.
While tropical rainforests account for a relatively small percentage of land acreage, their benefits to the rest of the world are boundless. The loss of these benefits will continue to increase unless drastic changes are made. Every ecosystem is intertwined and when one begins to decline it will only lead to a decline of the others. Preservation and restoration of tropical rainforests are of the utmost importance in terms of slowing, and potentially reversing, the negative effects of climate change caused by the loss of the earth’s natural resources.
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