Alfred Adler’s personality theory is referred to as Individual Psychology. This theory states, “The unique motivations of individuals and the importance of each person’s perceived niche in society (Schustack, 2012).” According to Adler striving for superiority is the core of one’s personality. He felt that people are motivated to fight for superiority when faced with an overpowering sense of helplessness which can ultimately lead to a feeling of inferiority.
Alfred Adler also developed the birth order theory. Under this theory Adler expresses his belief that children’s personalities develop certain characteristics depending on the order of their birth (Schustack, 2012). According to this theory, first born children who were once favored adapt an independent personality, while feeling the need to compete against their sibling to regain their status. First born children will potentially develop a nurturing attitude towards others.
Second born children also share competitive natures. This sibling rivalry can be used to develop skillsets that will guide the second born to success later in life. However, they can also potentially suffer from self-esteem issues regarding excessive failures (Schustack, 2012).
Since last born children are the babies of the family they tend to be pampered by the parents. These children are more likely to feel the greatest pressure to succeed depending on the achievements or lack of achievements of their siblings. If last born children are unsuccessful in their goals, the end result may be a defeated mannerism (Schustack, 2012).
In the assigned case study the patient is a child. This child is disobeying, throwing temper tantrums, as well as physically assaulting thei...
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...tient, it will in turn begin to nurture the child’s ability to form healthy cohesive relationships with those around them.
A family is a unit or team. As a parent, it is vital that the tools being given in therapy are implemented at home as well as outside of the home. Family therapy would valuable in this case study as well. By bringing in the entire household, the parents are able to learn methods that will ensure the other children do not adapt the negative behavior. They will become well versed in techniques that can be applied outside of the home to prevent future occurrences.
By implementing individual therapy, then introducing family therapy, I am confident that the family will be able to adapt a healthy form of communication. During the therapy sessions, the cognitive behavior techniques used to reverse the negative behavior of the child will be successful.
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