The southern governments enacted a series of Black Codes that were purposefully meant to keep blacks “as near to a state of bondage as possible.” Blacks could not bear arms, be employed in occupations other than farming and domestic service, or leave their jobs without forfeiting back pay. The Mississippi code required them to sign labor contracts for the year in January and, in addition, drunkards, vagrants, beggars, “common nightwalkers,” and even “mischief makers” and persons who “misspend what they earn” and who could not pay the stiff fines assessed for such misbehavior were to be “hired out…at public outcry” to the white persons who would take them for the shortest period in return for paying the fines. Such laws, apparently designed to get around the Thirteenth Amendment, outraged Northerners.”
Politically and socially blacks were outcasts in the southern states and the southern government officials tried every loophole they could possibly find to oppress them. The Thirteenth Amendment was simply a thorn in the side of southerners until
“Congress sought to add to its authority in order to protect the black population…Congress then passed a Civil Rights Act that, besides declarin...
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...this economic stabilizer blacks had the opportunity to either utilize sharecropping or let it consume them.
The treatment of blacks from were turned from a grim fate to that of a bright future, the ability to vote and citizenship were vital to the forward progress of male black Americans. While the economic opportunity of making your own money through hard work and responsibility was taken by most blacks in the south. It was not until the nineteenth amendment was passed for both black and white women to finally become equal in America.
Carnes, Mark C., and John A. Garraty. American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation. New York: Penguin Academics, 2006.
Conrad, David E.. "TENANT FARMING AND SHARECROPPING." Oklahoma State University Library Electronic Publishing Center. 30 Jan. 2008
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