In today 's society, the treatment and abuse of alcohol and other drugs is becoming a problem for the justice system of America as well as the local hospitals. With the shortage of beds at facilities designed to handle those in the middle of a mental health crisis, many of these patients end up going to a local emergency room (Papandrea, 2011). Highlighting this is an incident that could be found around the country in varying forms. Police from Burlington NC brought in a man who had been given an involuntary commitment order from a judge, to a local emergency room to await transfer to an appropriate facility. During his 30 hours in the ER he escaped, tied up police resources while they attempted to locate him and then proceeded to discharge a firearm into his head (Papandrea, 2011). In this one incident we can see how the local hospitals and law enforcement are having many of the resources they use everyday, focused on just one individual suffering from a mental illness.
The National Alliance on Mental Illness estimates that the cost to care for just inmates suffering from mental illness is approaching 9 billion dollars (Fields, 2103). This is in addition to the growing number of prisoners that have a mental illness or condition. For example, in the last eight years the percent of prisoners in New York City has risen from 24% in 2005 to 37% in 2013 (Fields, 2013). This is more than a fifty percent increase in that particular population, which could be viewed as an alarming trend.
Identifying why this issue is on the rise and what role the destabilization of the mental health system has played could give insight into the high prison population and its ratio of people suffering from mental illness. Certainly durin...
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...om Australia has confirmed that this is at least a possibility with non psychiatric suffering individuals had a much less chance of being arrested than someone who suffer from one of the DSM categorized conditions (Morgan, 2013).
What I will attempt to determine is if the variables in the dataset for my study can either conform to allow me to accept this hypothesis, or will they cause me to accept the null hypothesis of mental and emotional difficulties do not predispose someone to a higher rate of arrest for problem behavior.
A paired-samples t-test was conducted to compare the number of times someone was arrested and booked in individuals who do suffer from mental and emotional difficulties and individuals who do not suffer from mental or emotional difficulties.
Initial paired samples t test show a p value of 0.00, which would cause me to reject my null hypothesis.
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