Essay The Traumatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )

Essay The Traumatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )

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Torturous methods leave those tortured psychologically damaged. Some individuals may be able to withstand the treatment, resisting physical and psychological harm, but individuals can never be sure that they are not leaving evidence of maltreatment. Enhanced interrogations techniques leave the tortured psychologically harmed. Torture produces a lasting trauma for those involved. In fact, “most trauma experts…agree that the psychiatric diagnosis of Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is relevant for torture survivors,” (Costanzo, Gerrity, & Lykes 13). The consequences of torture include much more than PTSD. The consequences include psychological symptoms, such as “anxiety, depression, irritability or aggressiveness, emotional instability, self-isolation or social withdrawal” (Costanzo, Gerrity, & Lykes 13) and cognitive symptoms, such as “confusion or disorientation, impaired memory and concentration” (Costanzo, Gerrity, & Lykes 13). Their identity may be broken by the process of dehumanization. A 2014 study on the use of torture on refugees recognizes that “torture is directed towards instilling and reinforcing a sense of powerlessness and terror in victims and their perspective communities, political or religious groups,” (Lung). The psychological effect of fear and helplessness is profound. Other research findings indicate that torture causes abnormal sleep patterns, insomnia, and sexual dysfunction. These effects can last for long periods of time, even a lifetime.
Torture is dehumanizing, to the prisoner and to the inflictor. Michelle Maiese defined dehumanization as “the psychological process of demonizing the enemy, making them seem less than human and hence not worthy of human treatment” leading a person to easily infli...


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...oad as well as the Department of Defense. A congressional committee shall be formed to execute these investigations and ensure that all international laws are followed by the US government. The committee shall have a moral obligation to disclose any illegal behavior to the public in the form of annual reports.
Conclusion
Despite the ambiguity of several definitions of torture, the United Nations offers a concise definition that states should uphold. Several domestic and international laws prohibit torture, including the US Constitution. Enhanced interrogation methods are ineffective and physically harming. Torture is dehumanizing, to the prisoner and to the inflictor. Inflicting any form of torture is a violation of human rights and a violation of ethical principles. No person or government should have the right to violate another human’s life to forward an agenda.

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