Traumatic Brain Injury: An International Concern Essay

Traumatic Brain Injury: An International Concern Essay

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Brain trauma also called Traumatic brain injury is an international cause of concern on the health desk. Traumatic brain injury is considered a global epidemic of the twenty first century in the mould of malaria and HIV/AIDS. As one of the leading causes of death and disability in children and adults in their most productive years, it causes major economic and social costs and imposes considerable demands on health service provision. Brain trauma can be classified as mild, moderate or severe depending on whether injury causes unconsciousness, how long the unconsciousness lasts and the severity of the injury. In this paper the writers will closely look at the causal factors of the brain trauma like falls, motor vehicles crashes and traffic related accidents, interpersonal violence, sport and recreational related injuries, anorexia and the effects like Alzheimer diseases, behavioural effects, cognitive effects, perceptual effects and physical effects.

Younis, Younis, Hamid, Musmar and Mawson (2011) define brain trauma as ‘a non-degenerative, non-congenital insult to the brain from an external physical force, possibly leading to permanent or temporary impairments of cognitive, physical and psychosocial functions with an associated diminished or altered state of consciousness’.

Younis et al (2011) assert that the leading cause of brain trauma is falls. In the United States for example, falls contribute about 32.5% of brain trauma. The prevalence of falls in causing brain trauma is prevalent in the children from 1-14 age groups and the elderly, that is, from 65 years and older ( Younis et al, 2011). The falls rate in the aforementioned in childhood is mainly attributed to a combination of factors amongst which include curiosity, imm...


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...Families (2nd ed).New York, NY: HealthSouth Press.

Younis, R., Yuonis, M., Hamid, S.,Musmar, M., Mawson, A.R. (2011).Brain injury: Causes of
traumatic brain injury to Rafidia, Al-Lttihad and the specialised Arab hospitals, Palestine 2006-2007, 25 (3), 282-291.

Johnson, D. (2014, April 04). Michael Schumacher shows 'moments of consciousness and
awakening' following months in coma after ski crash. The Telegraph. Retrieved from
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/motorsport/formulaone/michael-schumacher/10744079/Michael-Schumacher-shows-moments-of-consciousness-and-awakening-following-months-in-coma-after-ski-crash.html

Association of American Neurological Association (2011). Sports related injury. Retrived on

April10,2014fromhttp://www.aans.org/Patient%20Information/Conditions%20and%20Treatments/Sports-Related%20Head%20Injury.aspx Sports-Related Head Injury

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