Trauma is a dreadful situation which causes turmoil in one’s life. Sometimes, its effect is catastrophic in which both one’s self as well as the social identity get damaged. It creates rupture in one’s body and mind as a result sometimes the mind is not able to function normally. It blocks senses of a victim and demolishes the “fundamental assumptions” or “the bedrock of our conceptual system” (Hwangbo 1). One’s loss of his/her true self is the “hallmark of being traumatized” (Hwangbo 1).
Furthermore, trauma is a “breach” in the “protective barrier” (Hwangbo 2) which leads to jolt and break-down. The conditions like genocide, objectification of others, death, atrocities, and haunting have a strong impact on the senses. The outcome of these incidents causes trauma. This is not static to one generation only. It can also have post-traumatic effects. Various evidences of ...
... middle of paper ...
...oiceless: The Insidious Trauma of Father-Daughter Incest in six American Texts.” http://udini.proquest.com/view/the-wound-and-the-voiceless-the-pqid:2332146711/The Other Reality/. N. p. n. d. Web. Feb 17, 2013.
“Healing Emotional and Psychological Trauma.” http://www.helpguide.org/mental/emotional_ psychological_trauma.htm. N. p. n. d. Web. Feb 16, 2013.
Heffernan, Teresa. “Beloved and the Problem of Mourning.” http://www.questia.com/library/ 1G1-54196882/beloved-and-the-problem-of-mourning /. N. p. n. d. Web. Nov 24, 2012.
Morrison, Toni. Beloved. New York: Penguin Group, 1998. Print.
Smith, Howard Walter. “The Impact of Racial Trauma on African Americans.” http://www.heinz.org/UserFiles/ImpactOfRacialTraumaOnAfricanAmericans.pdf/. N. p. Feb 16, 2010. Web. Feb 18, 2013.
“Trauma.” http://www.apa.org/topics/trauma/index.aspx. N. p. n. d. Web. Feb 16, 2012.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Afro-American Newspaper Goes to War The Baltimore-based newspaper The Afro-American has been in existence since 1892 under the proprietorship of the Murphy family, and by the 1940’s had forged a place at the forefront of African-American journalism. The newspaper is still in business today and is online at www.afro.com. Founded by John Murphy, a former slave, the Afro-American has grown from a church weekly to one of the nations leading black newspapers. The newspaper has used it’s column inches to campaign for the civil rights of African-Americans throughout the 20th century, from opposing the persistence of racist “Jim Crow” laws in the South to defending eminent figures such as W.E.... [tags: United States History African American Essays]
2826 words (8.1 pages)
- There are currently 150 million Afro-descendants in Latin America who make up nearly 30 percent of the region’s population (Congressional Research Service, 2005). Out of the fifteen Latin American nations that have recently adapted some sort of multicultural reform, only three give recognize Afro-Latino communities and give them the same rights as indigenous groups (Hooker, 2005). Indigenous groups are more successful than afro-descendent groups in gaining collective rights and development aid from international NGO’s.... [tags: Racial Relations]
1574 words (4.5 pages)
- The Afro-Americans and The Civil War "No officer in this regiment now doubts that the key to the successful prosecution of this war lies in the unlimited employment of black troops. Their superiority lies simply in the fact that they know the country, while white troops do not, and, moreover, that they have peculiarities of temperament, position, and motive which belong to them alone. Instead of leaving their homes and families to fight they are fighting for their homes and families, and they show the resolution and sagacity which a personal purpose gives.... [tags: Racism American History Civil War Essays]
4174 words (11.9 pages)
- The Racial Struggle of Afro-Cubans Introduction Afro-Cubans struggled to no avail for racial equality between the years 1886-1912. The slaughter of protesting blacks in 1912 shows that the battle cries for equality of Antonio Maceo and José Marté during the war for independence had dissolved. What was left was a unequal Cuban society, divided racially and fearing a black revolution. Aline Helg speaks directly to this issue in her book Our Rightful Share: The Afro-Cuban Struggle for Equality, 1886-1912.... [tags: Race Ethnicity Discrimination Essays]
1396 words (4 pages)
- Anxiety And Depression In Afro-Americans A major cause of mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety in individuals is stress. Defined stress is an internal response caused by the application of a stressor or anything that requires coping behaviour. For example the pressure of a job, supporting a family or getting an education are stressors that can result in depression and anxiety. Individuals and groups that have numerous resources or other coping mechanisms are better suited for coping with stress than are those who lack such resources.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1530 words (4.4 pages)
- Thomas Borstelmann scrutinizes the international extent of American cultural attitudes while skillfully demonstrating the remuneration of viewing domestic history in a universal framework. He brilliantly demonstrated the extensive impact of civil rights movements on domestic and international developments on the issue of race, which had a tremendous implication on U.S. foreign relations. His thorough understanding of American racial and cultural history makes him an exceptional authority on race relations of Presidents Harry S.... [tags: Race]
766 words (2.2 pages)
- "The land was not `new' to the Indian, and the Black who worked it didn't own it." Discuss the ways in which Native American and Afro American attitudes to the land, as represented in Beloved and The Names, differ both from one another and the attitudes of European Americans. Native American and Afro American cultures both have differing attitudes towards the land. These two perceptions of the land, as portrayed in Morrison's Beloved and Momaday's The Names are significantly different from the established European American view.... [tags: Comparative Literature]
1898 words (5.4 pages)
- In America today, there is a large and diverse African-American population. Within this population, there are several ethnic groups. The other ethnic group similar to Afro-Americans is Dominicans. Not only are they both minorities, but they also look similar as well. Both Dominicans and Afro-Americans are originally from Africa, but their slave masters separated them into two different cultures. African-Americans was African slaves of Americans, and Dominicans were African slaves of the Spanish.... [tags: essays research papers]
939 words (2.7 pages)
- In Cornell West reading on Afro-American Music: From Bebop to Rap; West discussed three major points about Afro-American music. West also discuss on how Afro-American music alienated young people. Afro-American music, its rhythmic effects are meaningless with status quo according to West. Afro-American music is a reflection on Afro-American culture since the early times as slavery. According to West “First, the rise of the United States as a world power focused international attention more pointedly on native U.S.... [tags: Music]
551 words (1.6 pages)
- The Afro-Cuban Struggle for Equality I. Introduction: The legacy of slavery and the legacy of systematic racial discrimination imposed on Afro-Cubans are grim realities that are imbedded in Cuban societal and cultural fibers. Despite the abolition of slavery in 1886 and its gaining of independence in 1902 Cuban society, politics, and ideology have been haunted with the specter of the ‘race issue.’ According to Aline Helg, "the myth of Cuban racial equality has proved remarkably enduring, even since the revolution of 1959" (p.... [tags: Race Racial History Historical Cuba Essays]
1507 words (4.3 pages)