The Transformation of Terrorism Essay

The Transformation of Terrorism Essay

Length: 2156 words (6.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Terrorism like any other political concepts has encountered various definitions by different scholars and organizations. It has no precise or broadly accepted definition, but to put it in a description way, it would be simply stating terrorism as “a violence or the threat of violence calculated to create an atmosphere of fear and alarm – in a word, to terrorize- and thereby bring about some social or political change” (Rapoport, 2002). Furthermore, the term of terrorism has been defined by the U.S. Department of Defense, which is defined as “ the calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological objectives.”(Hoffman, 2006:12). In addition, in 2004, the resolution of 1566 by the United Nation Security Council gave a wider range of understanding about what is terrorism, which condemned terrorist acts as “criminal acts, including against civilians, committed with the intent to cause death or serious bodily injury, or taking of hostages, with the purpose to provoke a state of terror in the general public or in a group of persons or particular persons, intimidate a population or compel a government or an international organization to do or to abstain from doing any act, which constitute offences within the scope of and as defined in the international conventions and protocols relating to terrorism, are under no circumstances justifiable by considerations of a political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or other similar nature," (UN Security Council Resolution 1566, 2004). In 1975, the first use of ‘terrorism’ word was by French Revolution...

... middle of paper ...

...omics and Political Science, 20(2), 176-184. Retrieved November, 15, 2013, from: JSTORE database. From

• Rapoport, D. (2002). The Four Waves of Rebel Terror and September 11. Retrieved November 10, 2013, from:

• Richardson, L. (2006). What Terrorists Want? New York: Random House Trade Paperback.

• Seger, K, A. (2001). Left Wing Extremism: The Current Threat. Retrieved, November, 17, 2013. From:

• United Nations Security Council. (2004). Security Council Acts Unanimously to Adopt Resolution Strongly Condemning Terrorism As One of Most Serious Threats to Peace. Retrieved November 5, 2013, from

• Whittaker, D, J. (2007). The Terrorism Reader. (3rd Ed). London: Routledge.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Is the Cause of Terrorism Islam, or Foreign Policy? Essay

- Was the Cause of September 11 Islam or Foreign Policy. George W. Bush has taken a stand on the true nature of Islam, calling it, for instance, a "religion of peace." As strange as this is to hear from the president of the United States, Bush's declarations have given rise to a good deal of useful public discussion about Islam. Unfortunately, this discussion has too often accepted the confused terms of the president's rhetoric: Is there, or is there not, something wrong in the nature of Islam....   [tags: September 11 Terrorism Essays]

Free Essays
710 words (2 pages)

Terrorism Essay

- George Orwell once said, “Political language— with variations this is true of all political parties, from Conservatives to Anarchists—is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind.” In today’s modern society, the world is continuing to become smaller and more interconnected than ever before due to media networks such as Cable News Network (CNN) providing round-the-clock news coverage and the Internet. In the last few decades, both information sources have been instrumental in helping to expose individuals all over the world to new ideas and diverse cultures....   [tags: Homeland Security, Politics, Social Issues, Media]

Term Papers
2682 words (7.7 pages)

The Transformation of America Essay

- The transformation of America is often discussed in both popular media and academic dialogue. Each generation has a name, new technologies define new eras, and events seem only notable when they are “historic”. While major events catch the interest of a broad spectrum of the public consciousness, subtle interactions between actors and slight shifts in beliefs are constantly changing the realities of the world. When the twin towers fell in 2001, the United States seemed to be thrust into a new world of Weapons of Mass Destruction, Jihadists, and a global fight against terrorism; bombs were dropped, ground forces were deployed in foreign states, and anyone who publicly questioned the urgency o...   [tags: Politics]

Term Papers
1375 words (3.9 pages)

The Power of Nightmares: Reaction Essay On Terrorism

- Over the course of the twentieth century, numerous governments across the globe established organizations and agencies with aims of combating international terrorism. However, these agencies did not establish vast public attention or immense government spending until the fall of 2001. The terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001 marked the transformation of not only the American economy, but also a shift in public perceptions of terrorism, both at home and abroad. The attacks of September 11th also allowed for an expansion of political power for United States’ officials as citizens overlooked the lack of regard for civil liberties and adherence to policy due to persona...   [tags: Global Issues, American Culture]

Term Papers
1474 words (4.2 pages)

Essay about Homegrown Terrorism

- Introduction A United States citizen turning against one’s own government and embracing an ideology to kill another citizen or commit an act of violence is a growing phenomenon commonly known as homegrown terrorism. This transition or radicalization process that transforms an individual into an adversary has intensified since the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. The problem continues to persist in other parts of the world such as Canada, United Kingdom and even in Saudi Arabia, a Non-Western country....   [tags: Database, Jihadist Terrorist]

Term Papers
1341 words (3.8 pages)

Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century Essay

- Introduction Terrorism or terrorist acts is something that the American people have had to live with since 9/11. We always knew acts like this could happen, but most of us never thought it could happen to us here in the United States on such a massive scale. We now understand it can and might happen again, so we have to be aware of our surroundings and look for ways to decrease these types of acts against our country. Common tactics/weapons and threats used by terrorists/terror groups in the Middle East Terrorists/terror groups in the Middle East tend to use tactics and weapons to create mass panic, and fear....   [tags: nuclear weapons, WMD, United States, targets]

Term Papers
1601 words (4.6 pages)

Organized Crime and Terrorism Essay

- Treverton et all define crime and terrorism as illegal activities which greatly revolve around economic interests. The document accurately depicts how ‘organized crime seeks money and why terrorism needs it’ . Furthermore, according to the authors, the definitions about crime presented by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), United Nations (UN), and the International Police (INTERPOL) coincide in some terms regarding the essence of organized crime. All of the aforementioned identify key words within their definitions such as groups of individuals working under illegal structures with profitable aims....   [tags: Responsive Essay]

Term Papers
986 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Socialization Factors in Terrorism

- To address the problem of terrorism and discover possible counterterrorism measures, we must look first to the contributing factors to terrorism, especially factors impacting recruitment and retention. To many scholars, average citizens become terrorists due to triggers, including political upheaval, catastrophic events, or desire for revenge (Vertigans, 2011, p. 76). However, immediate triggers cannot be the only motivating factor for average citizens to become terrorists, as not every one becomes a terrorist after undergoing the same trigger event....   [tags: recruitment and retention]

Term Papers
1027 words (2.9 pages)

The Transformation of the US Through Terror Essay

- American citizens lost their sense of safety and security after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 (9/11). The United States (U.S.) became a nation transformed, and a vital debate arose between civil liberties and national security. The attacks on 9/11 should not have come as a surprise, for years Islamist extremists had given warning of their hatred and intent to kill Americans. According to the National Commission On Terrorist Attacks Upon The United States (2004) throughout the 1990s hundreds of people were killed, and thousands wounded resulting from various attacks against the U.S....   [tags: National Security, Fourth Amendment Rights]

Term Papers
471 words (1.3 pages)

War of Terroism Essay

- In liberal democracies, most political acts are indeed legal, yet some instead decide on another way of influencing political decisions. Terrorism, is a seemly violent method intravenously employed by marginal groups to gain the focus of others on their case. Dyck defines terrorism as “the threat or use of violence, usually directed at civilian populations, in order to create some form of political change” (Dyck 401). The acts of terrorism that took place in the United States on September 11, 2001 are a powerful mementoes of how some choose to engage in violence in order to make a political statement....   [tags: Terrorism ]

Term Papers
1808 words (5.2 pages)