Essay about The Transformation Of New World Romans

Essay about The Transformation Of New World Romans

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“New World Romans” is what Aveni called these ancient astronomers. Settled in what now is Peru in 1400 to 1532 C.E, the Inca Empire was a large and sophisticated society that was later conquered by the Spanish. Many mysteries were left untold in their 132-year reign. Along with their mysteries, their beautiful land housed a complex system called the Ceque System. Understanding the Ceque system gives us a painting of the civilization and how they operated. The Ceque being a centralized system brought everything together, from religion, calendar to even their hydrology (Aveni, 138). As the “New World Romans” emerged early 15th century, it is with no doubt this civilization paid attention to the heavens above and has us pondering how they did it without leaving any sort of written record. Through the Inca Quipu, this served part of a counting system (Aveni, 143). This is one of the mysteries that we come back occasionally to figure out more about the amazing Inca civilization. Through the Inca Quipu, there has been an estimate in population in that time period and other information passed through this counting system. Looking through the lens of an ancient definitely shows a perspective of the night sky, especially the Inca and the many different constellations they inhabited.


In terms of the Inca Calendar, they used both a solar and lunar calendar. Everything is contrived from the Ceque system and learned by positions of the sun and time of year. They were also aware of the their zenith day, where the sun crosses the highest point of the sky. From sources online, the Inca calendar remains a mystery such that without written history of it, the use of the solar calendar becomes vague. The Collca (Pleiades) also led to be signific...


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... and were first to rise in November (Website, 1). The actual constellation had two Llama’s, the mother and baby. This was significant to the Inca because they served as food and sacrifices to the gods. These sacrifices took place at certain times with astronomical significance like the equinoxes and solstices (Website, 1). After the Llama was the rising of the Atoq, known better as the Fox. The sun passes through the constellation in December around the time when foxes are born (Website, 1). Through all these constellations, the Inca show their perspective on the sky and what they followed close by.


The Inca Civilization is remembered as a successful group without any record, developing one of the largest empires in its time before colonization. The official language of the Inca was Quechua, although lots of other languages and dialects of Quechua were spoken.

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