Transcendentalism And The American Revolution

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Transcendentalist were part of a movement called Transcendentalism which was created with ideas from philosophy, literature, and religion. This movement emerged and became favored in the nineteenth century in New England. Transcendentalism was a way to reformulate the idea of man and his position in the world in response to a new and changing society. The new movements the emerged during this time like the industrial revolution, the westward expansion, the starts of universities, immigration and urbanization made Boston seem unusual and full of chaos. Transcendentalism descended from reactions of the hardships of worships and the satisfying growth of mechanization in eighteenth century. With the success of both the American Revolution and the Industrial Revolution, the idea of man came off as being assertive and enthusiastic. However, man was imposed to look at a contrasting perspective regarding his place in the world and society due to the release of nervous energy. In nineteenth century Boston, there was arrivals of different thoughts in response to the traditional atmosphere. The Aristocracy, who were the upscale upper classes were traditionalist and skeptical of any new revolutions. The upper classes controlled the society and compelled obedience to their social ethics, and were unsure of the new structures happening in their society. However, their assurance on traditional and old faiths like Puritanism showed they accepted the fellowship with cosmic law. In essence, Transcendentalism was a radical movement in itself where the traditions and old values served as its foundation. The Industrial Revolution emerged in the nineteenth century. However, goods were being manufactured in home system operations in the eighteenth cent... ... middle of paper ... ...oring Classes" compared factories in the North to being psychologically catastrophic like slavery happening in the South. All the Capitalism and private ownership that was emerging brought forth rivalry. This result in modern warfare. However, Brownson noticed Industrial Revolution was not going anywhere and the ending of private property would be difficult to achieve. Many transcendentalists were then influenced by the new "Jacksonian" democracy. Andrew Jackson ,who was the first president from the “new” west, had become president in 1829. Not only did he become president but established a new period in American politics. He became the symbol of the political power of the common people in the United States and delivered local self-government, free public education for all, and global suffrage. Jacksonian democracy emphasized on both equal rights and individualism.

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