The Trans Pacific Partnership ( Tpp ) Essay

The Trans Pacific Partnership ( Tpp ) Essay

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International trade policy have been a staple of United States foreign relations for over a century. Free trade agreements have been a continuous goal of the United States. The US has established free trade agreements with twenty different countries across the world. These agreements all have overarching goals that seek to establish regulations of labor and environmental standards, limit barriers to trade, and improve multinational relations. The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is one of the largest free trade agreements to be negotiated. However, TPP was not a construct of the United States; it originated from negotiations between New Zealand, Chile, Singapore, and eventually Brunei in 2002 through 2005. The original initiative was referred to as the Pacific Four (P-4) and was a result from a summit on Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation in 2002. The Pacific Four had quick success and ended with an enacted agreement in 2006. (Rajamoorthy, 2013) The United States did not enter negotiations until 2008 and negotiations finally ended in 2015. The negotiations ended with the signing of an official agreement. However, the ratifications and implementation of the agreement is uncertain due to the election of Donald Trump in the US, who has stated that he plans to exit the agreement. (BBC News, 2016) Regardless of the eminent future of the agreement, TPP is a vital occurrence to examine the current state of international relations. The scope of this paper will analyze the Trans-Pacific Partnership through two contrasting theoretical perspectives to evaluate the intentions and possible effectiveness of the agreement. The two theoretical perspectives stem from the prominent international relations debate of realism versus liberalism. Specific...


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...nately is susceptible to the weakest link. One state inside or outside of the agreement could ruin the global public good for the rest of the beneficiaries. The other global public good that could be enhanced by the TPP is the international public good of the environment. Arguably, everyone benefits from regulated protections of the environment. The environment is the epitome of global public good that requires summation strategy, because the more actors that are involved in improving environmental standards, the better the environment will be for all. Public good liberalism provides a framework in which to understand multiple facets of the TPP and global benefits from it. Liberalism illustrates TPP under the assumption that it’s goals were based on absolute gains for progress of economic integration and cooperation; yet, an opposing theory may alter that context.

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