The Trail Of Tears By Andrew Jackson Essay

The Trail Of Tears By Andrew Jackson Essay

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The Trail of Tears was a horrific time in history from the Cherokee Indians. May 18, 1830 was the beginning of a devastating future for the Cherokee Indians. On that day congress officially passed Andrew Jackson’s Indian removal act. This policy granted President Andrew Jackson the right to force the Cherokee tribe consisting of about 13,000 people off of their reservations consisting of about 100 million acres east of the Mississippi River in the Appalachian Mountains and to attend a long and torturous journey consisting of about 1,200 miles within nine months until they reached their new home, a government-mandated area with in present-day Oklahoma. They left their land which was home to the “Five Civilized Tribes” which were assimilated tribes including, the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminoles and traveled through harsh conditions all on foot through land and water and stopping in various camps throughout the journey. The voyage was accurately named the “Trail of Tears” because of the high mortality rate and hardships they experienced. An estimation of four thousand Indians died on the journey from various causes including starvation, dehydration, exposure, disease, tuberculosis, whooping cough, and many other extremities.
Leading up to the Indian Removal Act on December 6, 1830 is when President Andrew Jackson outlined his calling for the relocation of the Cherokee Indians, in order to open new land for settlement by United States citizens in his Second Annual Message to Congress. In this message he states "It gives me pleasure to announce to Congress that the benevolent policy of the Government, steadily pursued for nearly thirty years, in relation to the removal of the Indians beyond the white settlements is a...


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...ural rights to remain in their land. But, they were all ignored. Even after all of the horrendous events that sprung because of the relocation, Andrew Jackson still was satisfied with his decision as he explained in his farewell address to the nation in 1837. He stated “ This unhappy race are now placed in a situation where we may well hope that they will share in the blessings of the civilization and be saved from the degradation and destruction to which they were rapidly hastening while they remained in the states.” (citation). Andrew Jackson’s passing of the Indian Removal Act did just the opposite of what he intended to do. Instead of securing the fate of the Indians and providing them with a plentiful future, he destroyed their life and was the reason a significant amount of their population diminished from the forceful relocation and torturous Trail of Tears.

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