Disasters are destructive environmental, unintended, or malicious events that result in damaging fiscal and social consequences for the inhabitants affected; this includes injury, death, property damage, psychological hardship, infrastructure, and operational systems failures. (Donahue & Tuohy, 2006, p. xx)
A German U-boat submarine fired a torpedoed that sank the Lusitania, on May 7th, 1915, killing 1,195, including 123 U.S. Citizens. The British cruise liner set sail on a course from New York in route to England. “The sinking of the Lusitania was not the single largest factor contributing to the entrance of the United States into the war two years later, but it certainly solidified the public 's opinions towards Germany” (The Library of Congress, n.d.). The Lusitania disaster fits the idea of terror, this deliberate act of destruction, exposed people to the possibility of death while also fueling hatred for the Germans.
The Kashmir earthquake
War alone has a direct and indirect exposure to stress and trauma. Conversely, disasters of nature or man-made catastrophes can inflict indescribable amount of death and destruction in a short time span. Earthquakes are often life-threatening events that can render entire communities uninhabitable. On Oct. 8, 2005, the Kashmir earthquake affected parts of India and Afghanistan. “At least 79,000 people were killed and more than 32,000 buildings collapsed in Kashmir, with additional fatalities and destruction reported in India and Afghanistan, making it one of the most destructive earthquakes of contemporary times” (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2013).
Disaster Similarities and Dissimilarities
A careful examination of both the Lusitania and the Kashmir earthqua...
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...-present potential terror of death by convincing them that they are beings of enduring significance living in a meaningful reality” (Pyszczynski, Tom, Solomon, Sheldon, Greenberg, Jeff, 2003 p.16). This requires individual in trauma/disaster situations to maintains a certain level of understanding about the situation, getting a grip on reality is a much need component to managing the fear associated with terror.
The terms disaster includes, words such as mortality, violence, victim, devastation, trauma, misfortune, and stress. However, Disaster is an umbrella term that can be used within any conceptual situation that involves similar mental, physical and environmental consequences in psychology. Disaster concepts initial attempt is prevention, in the presence of stressful situations and the fear of death, feelings and behavior have no effect on the environment.
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