Fifth century Athens created the institutionalisation of tragedy as an art form throughout the polis. Originating as Dionysian celebrations through masks, dithyrambs and dance, tragedy developed into an architectural form for playwrights, namely Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, to encapsulate the struggle of the human condition in its attempts to reconcile good and evil existence.
Aristotle deconstructed tragedy and its form into the “imitation of an action that is serious, complete and of a certain magnitude”. Consequently, there emerged the four intrinsic elements: the plot, the tragic emotions, the catharsis of fear and pity and the discovery of the whole structure of the artistic representation.
Compared to Aristotle’s stricter definition, modern philosophers developed the genre of tragedy into an intellectual philosophy on the human and universal psyche. Hegel surmised that tragedy was an isomorphic exfoliation of the social and individual consciousness, allowing a character and thereby the audience to deconstruct and revive themselves through their struggles. For Nietzsche, tragedy was the artistic outburst of nature, the incarnation of the mythic figure Dionysus that vied against the rational world, the restraint of the Apollonian society. Thence, Nietzsche envisaged the rebirth of tragedy as a mythic narrative needed in a time of mankind’s loss of scientific fascination and return to the ecstasy of the Dionysian ecstasy and chaos.
This becomes most pertinent with the modern 20th century as the broadening of the tragic genre coincides with the progressive loss of religious faith, the scientific destruction of the universe through war and its consequent restructuring whereby individuality rema...
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...egration of the success myth and ergo his identity, Willy cannot abandon the myth without reducing himself to a mere nothing. This is paralleled in the chiasmic foreshadowing of death in the structure, whereby Willy’s attempt to crash his car is actualised in the denouement. It is through this predicament that Miller establishes the duality of life and death that existential mythology precipitates. Willy’s suicide as the denouement becomes an inescapable reminder not only of the mortality that humanity shares, but the memory and accomplishments of Willy in his blind adherence to the American dream had been gratuitous. For Willy, existence did not precede essence, when his worth was calculated only by prosperity and toil, rendering a futile life. The poignancy of this challenges the audience to examine their own existence according to their pervading cosmic mythology.
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- Like all of the great writer Sophocles’ others plays, Antigone can be characterized as a tragedy. Sophocles majorly impacted Greek dramatics by bringing a female character in as a main, dynamic character. Antigone’s plot stems around the titular character’s decision to go against King Creon’s orders by performing the proper burial rites for her brother, honoring the gods. To her, honoring her sibling and pleasing the gods is more important than abiding by law. Sophocles proved to be a visionary innovator by introducing a major female antagonist to Greek drama.... [tags: Tragedy, Sophocles, Oedipus, Woman]
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- The tragic plays have been an important part of the Greek history and women had played an important roles in the plays to demonstrate about Greek society. A tragedy is a drama that represents events that lead to destruction, accident, death, or natural calamity. The character of a tragic dramas have to be dead or shown the misfortune that leads to the downfall of the main character. There are many famous playwrights that have written tragedies, one of the name is Sophocles. Sophocles is one of the popular Greek tragedy playwrights that had written many plays in Greek literature.... [tags: Sophocles, Tragedy, Ancient Greece, Family]
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- The saying “Pride goes before a fall” best describes the character of Creon, he is very proud and it’s his pride that causes his downfall. Hubris can be defined as overweening pride or presumption, excessive arrogance and self-confidence. It’s recognized as a common flaw (hamartia) in human character in ancient Greek tragedy. Creon is the center character in the play “Antigone”, and he suffers from this flaw. He is the tragic hero blinded by his hubris and ego. He later fails to acknowledge he was wrong early enough to repair his evil, he realizes that only at the end of the play.... [tags: Oedipus, Sophocles, Tragedy, Oedipus at Colonus]
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- In Ancient Greek tragedy, the concepts of suffering, hubris and moral responsibility are all interrelated, as one simply wouldn 't exist without the other. Oedipus Rex, composed by Sophocles, illuminates this. Through being structured in a Mystery Play format, the audience then witnesses the characters unravel a truth known from the beginning, distancing actor from spectator which allows the audience to see the roles of these concepts. The political, social and cultural aspects from the era in which the play has been written are then also made determinable in the work, however the play still manages to be universal as apart from the storyline and plot, it deals with humanistic issue of confr... [tags: Tragedy, Oedipus, Sophocles, Aeschylus]
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- The Tragedy of Antigone In the story of Antigone, Oedipus has already died, his two sons. Polyneices and Eteocles, left to contend for the throne of Thebes. In their contention for the throne, the two brothers slay one another, leaving Creon once again to be the acting regent of Thebes. With this power, Creon declares that Polyneices must be left to rot on the battlefield, the highest disgrace to any Greek. Antigone, daughter of Oedipus, is left torn between state of family, and in the end, chooses family over state.... [tags: Sophocles, Oedipus, Tragic hero, Tragedy]
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- “Antigone” is a drama that was written by Sophocles. Sophocles was one of the great writers of tragedies during the ancient Greece era. For this reason, there is no debate as to whether this story is a tragedy or not. A tragedy is defined as a play that contains dismal events and has an unhappy ending, it typically involves the downfall of the protagonist. Focus on that last part; the downfall of the main character. If “Antigone” is definitely a tragedy, and a tragedy involves the destruction of the main character, than the drama must portray the hero being brought to ruin.... [tags: Character, Sophocles, Tragedy, Oedipus]
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