In Ancient Greek Theatre, suffering is presented as inevitable as well as irrevocable. According to Aristotle, the tragic protagonist is responsible for his/her own suffering but it is through the destruction of the hero that social harmony is restored. This then allows for catharsis, which can be defined as tragic satisfaction, to be felt upon the audience, done through the purgation of pity and fear with the characters. In Oedipus Tyrannus, the weight of the suffering experienced by the protagonist can be best examined in the later passages of the Chorus. The role of the Chorus is essential to Greek Theatre as it accompanied actors with song, speech and movement. In Oedipus the Chorus is created to represent the citizens of Thebes and accounts for the occurrence of events through Theban eyes:
Oh, child of Laius/ If only I had never seen you. My lamentation pours forth in a great cry from my lips. Truth to tell, it was thanks to you that I breathed anew and rested my eyes in sleep."
This scene then demonstrates the outcome...
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...urselves. ' It is implied that through witnessing Oedipus ' suffering, sympathy is aroused in the audience as they can identify with the humanity contained within Oedipus and realize that potentially they can also be prone to making mistakes to an identical degree and suffer at an identical degree also.
Conclusively, it is through the interrelating of the concepts of Suffering, Hubris and Moral Responsibility that conjures the impact of tragedy among the audience. It is responsible for the catharsis effect which the audience experiences after witnessing the play performed. The tragedy of Oedipus, although seemingly farfetched in plot and catastrophic in its consequences, ultimately makes the audience realize that the arrogance possessed by humans is an extreme weakness that when finally exposes to unfavorable truths one suffers from unanticipated misery inevitably.
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