Essay on The Tragedy Of Sophocles ' Oedipus And Hamlet

Essay on The Tragedy Of Sophocles ' Oedipus And Hamlet

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A tragic play is a combination of dramatic scenes that act out a tragic event and usually labors unhappy endings. The play would usually portray the downfall of the main character. According to Aristotle, “Every Tragedy therefore must have six parts, which parts determine its quality—namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song.” Based on Aristotle’s definition, Oedipus and Hamlet are a good examples tragedy. They both have been developed with a strong Plot and Characters. According to Aristotle, Plot is considered to be “the soul of tragedy” and very important in a play. Aristotle also implies Character to be second in line when it comes to developing a successful tragedy.
A well formed plot should be unified in a way, in which the action can flow from one event to the next to complete the storyline. The unity helps the tragedy play out and express its powerful emotions of fear and pity. Aristotle says, “Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; … in form of action, not of narrative; though pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotion.” Oedipus exhibits a strong plot that moves the play forwards. Oedipus is a play that tells about a man by the name of Oedipus who becomes the king of Thebes, while unwilling fulfills the prophecy that forsake that he would kills his father and merry his mother. According to Aristotle, a good tragic plot is of the hero experiencing a misfortune because of fate or tragic flaw. Also, Aristotle believed the tragic hero should be of noble birth and should suffer consequences of his own mistake. For example, King Oedipus is man of noble birth who was fated to do a tragic dead. He had also rashly cursed the killer ...

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...y. Aristotle says, “Besides, the production of spectacular effects depends more on the art of the stage machinist than on that of a poet.” Aristotle believes that the poet has nothing to do with the visual effects of the stage, but it’s the stage workers who should be credited. Finally, the Song element of the play is the chorus presented throughout the play to narrate the story as it moves.
Any play that uses the basic six elements: Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, and Song could be described as a classic Aristotelian Tragedy. Shakespeare and Sophocles wove a classic tragedy with the threads of the basic elements. Hamlet and Oedipus are a said to be unique masterpieces of their times. Aristotle drew a very narrow line on what a perfect tragedy should include and yet both play writers wrote along those lines to present a work of art for the audience.

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