Essay The Tragedy Of Sophocles ' Antigone

Essay The Tragedy Of Sophocles ' Antigone

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In Sophocles ' play Antigone, the city of Thebes was left to Polyneices and Eteocles to share. A war between Polyneices and Eteocles for control of the throne erupted, and killed them both. Creon was left in power and declared that Polyneices would not be buried. As a sister of Polyneices and Eteocles, Antigone challenged Creon’s decree and attempted to bury Polyneices; resulting in her punishment of death, that indirectly lead to the deaths of Haemon and Eurydice. The repetition of death portrayed that life was weak, and suicide was the only control the characters had over fate. For each character, death had a different meaning. Polyneices died for honesty, Eteocles for loyalty, Antigone for divine law, Ismene offered death because of selfishness, and both Haemon and Eurydice died out of the loss of love. Their fixed mindsets served as a hamartia, ultimately leading to their deaths.
After Oedipus had died, he had left Polyneices and Eteocles the throne. In all fairness, Eteocles and Polyneices agreed to switch rule of the kingdom. However, Eteocles did not want to give up the throne after his reign. In response, Polyneices brought in a foreign army to take possession of the throne. Both Polyneices and Eteocles died in the battle at the hands of each other. As his punishment for using a foreign army to attack Thebes, Polyneices’ body was declared to be left “..unwept, unsepulchered, a welcome object for the birds..” (Sophocles 82). From Polyneices view, he believed that he was being just by forcing the agreement made with his brother. He had the right to rule the city, and went to seize control by any means necessary, that included organizing a foreign army and attacking Thebes. Polyneices had been willing to die in order to pr...


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...hat her life served no other purpose. Eurydice believed that her death was a symbol of her love for her sons.
Polyneices, Eteocles, Antigone, Haemon, Megareus, and Eurydice had all been related to Creon. In the end, Creon believed that all of the tragedy, and death was a result of his actions. “Woe is me for the wretched blindness of my counsels!” (Sophocles 109). He wished that he had not been as arrogant. Creon’s stubbornness had served as his hamartia. If he had listened to the chorus, Antigone, and Haemon; then he could have prevented the deaths of his niece, son and wife. Unfortunately, Creon’s hubris had clouded his judgement and he was left with only himself to blame.
Sophocles’ Antigone was stocked with death, along with various perspectives on what was worth living or dying for. As characters’ made decisions, it ultimately lead to their inevitable deaths.

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